Pseudonym of Italian journalist and author Carlo Lorenzi (1826-1890), active from the early 1850s, famous for his children's fantasy Le Avventure di Pinocchio: storia di un burattino (17 July 1881-25 January 1883 Giornale per i bambini; 1883; trans Mary Alice Murray as The Story of a Puppet: Or, Adventures of Pinocchio dated 1892 but 1891; vt Pinocchio's Adventures in Wonderland 1898; many further vts). Though the tale is not of course sf, its basic narrative – a puppet, which becomes a conscious "blockhead Trickster", must endure a Fantastic Voyage in its quest to become a Real Boy – has become paradigmatic for any tale in which AIs aspire to and/or become conscious [for Pinocchio, Real Boy and Trickster above, and for Disney, Walt Disney and the film Pinocchio below, see The Encyclopedia of Fantasy under links below]. The Satirical implications of the original text could be read specifically to comment on Italian politics in the later nineteenth century; translated versions lose this context.
Versions and transfigurations of the original tale are easily discovered, including movies like the full-length Disney cartoon Pinocchio (1937) produced (and effectively directed) by Walt Disney, or A.I: Artificial Intelligence (2001) directed by Steven Spielberg; and such novels as Jerome Charyn's Pinocchio's Nose (1983) or Robert Coover's Pinocchio in Venice (1991). [JC]
born Florence, Grand Duchy of Tuscany: 24 November 1826
died Florence, Italy: 26 October 1890
works (highly selected)
- Le Avventure di Pinocchio: storia di un burattino (Florence, Italy: Felice Paggi Libraio-Editore, 1883) [first appeared 7 July 1881-25 January 1883 Giornale per i bambini: illus/Enrico Mazzanti: hb/nonpictorial]
- The Story of a Puppet: Or, Adventures of Pinocchio (London: T Fisher Unwin, 1891) [dated 1892 but released for the 1891 Christmas trade: trans by Mary Alice Murray of the above: in the publisher's Children's Library series: illus/Enrico Mazzanti: hb/nonpictorial]
- Pinocchio's Adventures in Wonderland (Boston, Massachusetts: Jordon, Marsh and Company, 1898) [vt of the above translation: translation unaltered, presumably pirated: illus/illus boards: Enrico Mazzanti]