(1713-1784) French philosopher, editor and writer who edited (with Jean le Rond d'Alembert until 1759) the Encylopédie, ou Dictionnaire raisonné des sciences, des arts et des métiers, par une société de gens de lettres ["Encyclopedia: or a Systematic Dictionary of the Sciences, Arts, and Crafts, by a Company of Men of Letters"] (1751-1772 28vols), an Enlightenment masterpiece. His "Supplément au voyage de Bougainville" (written 1777; in Opuscules philosophiques et littéraires, la plupart posthumes ou inédites, anth 1796; trans by Mrs Wilfred Jackson as "A Supplement to Bougainville's 'Voyage'" in Rameau's Nephew and Other Works, coll 1926) prefigures much Anthropological sf in its debate on Natural Man presented through a Tahitian's response to a stopover there by Louis Antoine de Bougainville (1729-1811) during his trip round the world, to his account of which Diderot's Supplément is written in the form of an addendum. [JC/DRL]
see also: France.
born Langres, France: 5 October 1713
died Paris: 31 July 1784
works (highly selected)
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