(1917-2003) US critic whose piercing and mythopoeic views on the relationship between US culture and literature were first expressed in "Come Back to the Raft Ag'in, Huck Honey" (June 1948 Partisan Review; assembled in An End to Innocence: Essays on Culture and Politics, coll 1955), where he argued that the inexpressive but obvious homoerotic (often interracial) doublings embodied in so many American novels exposed a profound tendency to escapism and denial in the American psyche: it has not been difficult to apply this analysis to American sf: Space Opera perhaps in particular. In Love and Death in the American Novel (1960; rev 1966), Fiedler describes sf as a "typically Anglo-Saxon" form, although later, somewhat less convincingly, in Waiting for the End (coll 1964), he states that "Even in its particulars, the universe of science fiction is Jewish". His reasons for this claim relate to his general sense that sf comprises a transgressive, transformative set of texts which recruit and supply screed to The New Mutants – see "The New Mutants" (Fall 1965 Partisan Review) – whom, less than presciently, he associated with the 1960s counterculture. Consistently with this line of thought, he long espoused the work of sf writers who seemed to embody this transgressive newness, most notably Samuel R Delany. Several volumes of his variously assembled essays include studies of authors of interest; The Devil Gets His Due: The Uncollected Essays of Leslie Fiedler (coll 2008), as an example, includes acute studies of James Branch Cabell, Philip José Farmer, Mark Twain and Kurt Vonnegut.
O Brave New World: American Literature from 1600 to 1840 (anth 1968) with Arthur Zeiger provides an extremely inclusive conspectus of texts from the period designated; In Dreams Awake (anth 1975) assembles sf stories of interest, though almost all of them were extremely familiar to experienced readers. Olaf Stapledon: A Man Divided (1983) is an invigorating if sometimes eccentric examination of Olaf Stapledon. Fiedler was himself an infrequent writer of fiction. A short story, "What Used to be Called Dead", was sold in the early 1970s to Harlan Ellison's «Last Dangerous Visions» project, and remains unpublished. The Messengers Will Come No More (1974) is an sf novel whose backstory – Forerunner races who embody the Male and Female principles contend over the nature of human (and other) planetary societies, shaping them (see Uplift) in the course of their aeons-long dispute – hearkens back to the long strife between opposed Secret Master cultures that shapes E E Smith's Lensman sequence; but the surface, which tends to ornate Fabulation effects, does differ significantly. [JC/CPa]
see also: Definitions of SF.
Leslie Aaron Fiedler
born Newark, New Jersey: 8 March 1917
died Buffalo, New York: 29 January 2003
- An End to Innocence: Essays on Culture and Politics (Boston, Massachusetts: Beacon Press, 1955) [nonfiction: coll: hb/nonpictorial]
- Love and Death in the American Novel (New York: Criterion Books, 1960) [nonfiction: hb/Sydney Butchkes]
- No! in Thunder: Essays on Myth and Literature (Boston, Massachusetts: Beacon Press, 1960) [nonfiction: coll: hb/]
- Waiting for the End (New York: Stein and Day, 1964) [nonfiction: coll: hb/Peretz Kaminsky]
- Freaks: Myths and Images of the Secret Self (New York: Simon and Schuster, 1978) [nonfiction: hb/]
- Olaf Stapledon: A Man Divided (New York: Oxford University Press, 1983) [nonfiction: in the publisher's The Science-Fiction Writers series: hb/Robert Pasternak]
- Tyranny of the Normal: Essays on Bioethics, Theology and Myth (Boston, Massachusetts: D R Godine, 1996) [nonfiction: coll: hb/from Francisco Goya]
- The Devil Gets His Due: The Uncollected Essays of Leslie Fiedler (Berkeley, California: Counterpoint, 2008) [coll: edited by Samuele S Pardini: hb/Jacob McMurray]
works as editor
Previous versions of this entry