Grandville, J J

Tagged: Art

Pseudonym of French caricaturist and illustrator Jean Ignace Isidore Gérard (1803-1847), active from the mid-1820s to 1835, primarily as a caricaturist (until the imposition of prior censorship on political cartoons in 1835). He is of overall interest as a creator of images of Fantastika beginning with Les Métamorphoses du jour ["Metamorphoses of the Day"] (graph 1829) [for revised edition see Checklist], featuring caricatures of known figures conveyed through images with human bodies and beast faces, creating a lasting model for Satire and for the graphic representation of humanlike characters in cartoon narratives; Carl Barks's creation of the dogface figure for the Disney organization derives directly from Grandville's example [for Carl Barks and Beast Fable see The Encyclopedia of Fantasy under links below]. Bryan Talbot's Grandville sequence of Steampunk-inflected Graphic Novels is named in homage to this original creation.

Of more direct sf interest may be Une Autre Monde: Transformations, Visions, Incarnations, Ascensions, Locomotions, Explorations, Pérégrinations, Excursions, Stations, Lubies, Métempsychoses, Apotheoses et Autres Choses ["Another World: Transformations, Visions, Incarnations, Ascensions, Locomotions, Explorations, Peregrinations, Excursions, Resorts, Fads, Metempsychoses, Apotheoses and Other Things"] (graph 1844) with text by Taxile Delord, in which Grandville's familiar figures are envisioned in surreally futuristic landscapes, the Satire here being directly primarily but not inevitably at nineteenth century visions of Utopia. [JC]

Jean Ignace Isidore Gérard

born Nancy, Meurthe-et-Moselle, France: 13 September 1803

died Paris: 17 March 1847

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