Working name of UK author and speculative journalist Henry Fitzgerald Heard (1889-1971), who also signed as H F Heard; the two versions of his name were used almost interchangeably, though after 1937, when he moved to the USA, he generally used H F Heard. He is perhaps best remembered for his association with Aldous Huxley in investigations of the Vedanta cult and for such speculative studies as The Ascent of Humanity: An Essay on the Evolution of Civilization (1929) and The Third Morality (1937). "The President of the United States, Detective" (March 1947 Ellery Queen's Mystery Magazine) as by H F Heard is an eccentric tale of War waged via man-made Climate Change. His UFO popularization, The Riddle of the Flying Saucers: Is Another World Watching? (1950; rev 1953), was well received, although time has passed it by. Of his detective fictions featuring Mr Mycroft, which begin as pastiche of Arthur Conan Doyle's Sherlock Holmes stories – A Taste for Honey (1941; vt A Taste for Murder 1955), Reply Paid (1942) and The Notched Hairpin (1949) – two include borderline-sf elements. "Mr Mycroft" is evidently – though this is never stated outright – an aged, incognito Sherlock Holmes, who famously retired to keep bees; the character is renamed Bowcross in UK editions of A Taste for Honey. This novel features a Mad Scientist apiarist whose killer bees may be enraged by particular scents or subdued by ultrasonic sound. An ABC television adaptation starring Boris Karloff as Mycroft aired as Sting of Death (1955), a segment of the fortnightly drama series The Elgin Hour (1954-1955); the exploitation Horror movie The Deadly Bees (1967) is more loosely based on the novel and omits Mr Mycroft altogether. In Reply Paid the McGuffin is a fatally radioactive meteorite, leading to incidental speculation on an unnatural Holocaust origin for the Asteroids. The unrelated detection Murder by Reflection (1942) features a killing by radiation poisoning.
Most of Heard's sf and fantasy focuses on issues of Evolution, both physical and spiritual, and is probably best read as exemplifying the Scientific Romance. The title story of The Great Fog and Other Weird Tales (coll 1944; vt The Great Fog: Weird Tales of Terror and Detection 1946; with two stories added and one dropped, rev under first title 1947) is a Disaster tale, the mould-derived Great Fog destroying all civilization. In the Lost Race title story of The Lost Cavern (coll 1948) a man is held captive by ancient Aztecs who have evolved into intelligent bat-like Monsters. Doppelgangers: An Episode of the Fourth, the Psychological, Revolution, 1997 (1947), which is sf, rather laboriously sets up a Near Future conflict among three factions, each of whose philosophies of Evolution is in didactic opposition to the others', and each of which argues for a different definition of Utopia. Set in the nineteenth century, The Black Fox: A Novel of the 'Seventies (1950) is a supernatural tale, the fox being Anubis. Gabriel and the Creatures (1952; vt Wishing Well 1953) recasts some of Heard's evolutionary speculation in sf form for children. Dromenon: The Best Weird Stories of Gerald Heard (coll 2001) is a competent retrospect. [JC/DRL]
see also: Dystopias; Ecology; The Magazine of Fantasy and Science Fiction; To-day and To-morrow.
Henry Fitzgerald Heard
born London: 6 August 1889
died Santa Monica, California: 14 August 1971
- Murder by Reflection (New York: Vanguard Press, 1942) [hb/]
- The Great Fog and Other Weird Tales (New York: Vanguard Press, 1944) [coll: hb/Stefan Salter]
- Doppelgangers: An Episode of the Fourth, the Psychological, Revolution, 1997 (New York: Vanguard Press, 1947) [hb/Bill English]
- The Lost Cavern (New York: Vanguard Press, 1948) [coll: hb/Maas]
- The Black Fox: A Novel of the 'Seventies (London: Cassell and Company, 1950) [hb/Lowen]
- Gabriel and the Creatures (New York: Harper and Brothers, 1952) [hb/]
- Wishing Well (London: Faber and Faber, 1953) [vt of the above: hb/Suzanne Suba]
- Dromenon: The Best Weird Stories of Gerald Heard (Leyburn, Yorkshire: Tartarus Books, 2001) [coll: edited by John Cody: hb/nonpictorial]
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