Oates, Joyce Carol

Tagged: Author

(1938-    ) US author whose immensely prolific career – at least sixty-five novels; nearly 900 short stories, many of them long and ambitious, partially assembled in something like forty collections; plus much other work – has in itself been a barrier to her proper appreciation, though in recent years, despite its almost unassimilable hugeness, that oeuvre has become recognized, none too soon, as a necessary part of the story of American literature. Her roots are various, though in the context of this encyclopedia her affinity to the Gothic strain in that literature (see Gothic SF) is of specific interest.

Oates has written relatively little sf as such; a story like "Family" (December 1989 Omni), a Ruined Earth tale conveyed with Gothic familial violence, is exceptional among these few for its sense of fitness as sf, for she is clearly unenchanted by the thought of extrapolation for its own sake, a distaste for raw cognition which may also help explain the relative unadventurousness of her nonfiction. "The Radio Astronomer" (Spring 1993 Antaeus), though not sf, poignantly encompasses the confusions of a stroke victim within an sf-like anguish at our species solitude. "Commencement" (in Redshift: Extreme Visions of Speculative Fiction, anth 2001, ed Al Sarrantonio) is, on the other hand, a relatively stiff-jointed Near Future Satire; despite its illuminating intensity, "EDickinsonRepliLuxe" (Fall 2006 Virginia Quarterly Review) does not perhaps sufficiently convey the nature of the Computer (or imprisoned AI) that animates a Near Future replicant of Emily Dickinson (1830-1886); and the Gothic SF terror inspiring a tale like "A Hole in the Head" (Fall 2010 Kenyon Review), whose cosmetic surgeon protagonist engages in trepanning and high-risk illegal Botox-like injections, focuses on states of extremity rather than speculation. On the other hand, "Undocumented Alien: Very Rough Draft Report PROJECT JRD" (in Conjunctions: Other Aliens, anth 2016, ed Elizabeth Hand and Brad Morrow) savagely depicts a government experiment during which a Nigerian illegally in America is surgically transformed, almost as a side-effect, into a Parody of an Alien from Ganymede (see Jupiter); his state of extremity is registered, devastatingly, from without.

In their strengths and weaknesses, her work of interest can show the marks of the Mainstream Writer of SF; she seems more comfortable, and is of considerably more relevance, as a copious author of novels of fantasy and horror, including the Gothic Quintet comprising Bellefleur (1980), A Bloodsmoor Romance (1982), featuring some strange Inventions, Mysteries of Winterthurn (coll of linked stories 1984), My Heart Laid Bare (1998) and The Accursed (2013). The last of these, set in early twentieth-century Princeton, New Jersey, features Woodrow Wilson (1856-1924), Jack London, the young Upton Sinclair and Mark Twain in an America – indeed in the planet as a whole – whose anxiety- and Sex-ridden dysfunctionality is exposed by the Devil, who at one point manifests as a hoax Sherlock Holmes, and who is ultimately revealed to be in fact the Christian God (see Religion). The tale complexly reflects the influence of H P Lovecraft (see Horror in SF); authors cited in the text for provenance include Edgar Allan Poe, Mary Shelley and Robert Louis Stevenson. Middle Age: A Romance (2001) is a Mysterious Stranger tale whose intruding artist figure, after his inexplicable suicide, haunts the town in which the tale is set. A singleton, «Vicissitudes of Time Travel», has been projected for some time; its generic nature is not known. All her novels as by Rosamond Smith, beginning with Lives of the Twins (1987), deal with twins, doubles, Doppelgangers and impostures, sometimes verging into the supernatural. Her three novels as by Lauren Kelly are thrillers with elements of horror.

Oates began publishing short fiction professionally in 1957, and has variously assembled many tales of the grotesque – a term she frequently uses, in homage to the most visible early influence on this sector of her work, Edgar Allan Poe – in several collections, including The Hungry Ghosts: Seven Allusive Comedies (coll 1974); The Poisoned Kiss and Other Stories from the Portuguese (coll 1977) as by Fernandes, original stories not in fact from the Portuguese; Night-Side: Eighteen Tales (coll 1977); Haunted: Tales of the Grotesque (coll 1994), which includes the densely informative "Afterword: Reflections on the Grotesque", whose violations of daylight are seen as ultimately visceral; The Corn Maiden and Other Nightmares (coll 2011); and others, the most interesting of her later collections being perhaps Wild Nights!: Stories about the Last Days of Poe, Dickinson, Twain, James and Hemingway (coll 2008). Over and above the most recent of the stories mentioned above, many earlier tales of interest may not yet have been collected.

In truth, Oates's work is so often so intensely told, and its exorbitant storylines so often violate realistic premises, that much of that work may best be approached as a rendering of motifs and effects typical of Fantastika, if frequently without the gear. [JC]

Joyce Carol Oates

born Lockport, New York: 16 June 1938




Gothic Quintet

  • Bellefleur (New York: E P Dutton, 1980) [Gothic Quintet: hb/Susan Stillman]
  • A Bloodsmoor Romance (New York: E P Dutton, 1982) [Gothic Quintet: hb/James McMullen]
  • Mysteries of Winterthurn (New York: E P Dutton, 1984) [coll of linked stories: Gothic Quintet: hb/Kathy Jacobi]
  • My Heart Laid Bare (New York: E P Dutton, 1998) [Gothic Quintet: hb/Kathy Jacobi]
  • The Accursed (New York: Ecco, 2013) [Gothic Quintet: hb/Allison Saltzman from Giovanni Boldini]

individual titles (highly selected)

  • Lives of the Twins (New York: Simon and Schuster, 1987) as by Rosamond Smith [hb/Fred Marcellino]
  • Soul/Mate (New York: E P Dutton, 1989) as by Rosamond Smith [hb/Eric Dinyer]
  • Nemesis (New York: Dutton/William Abrahams, 1990) as by Rosamond Smith [hb/R Kenton Nelson]
  • Snake Eyes (New York: Dutton/William Abrahams, 1992) as by Rosamond Smith [hb/Neil Stuart]
  • Zombie (New York: Dutton/William Abrahams, 1995) [hb/Neil Stuart]
  • You Can't Catch Me (New York: Dutton/William Abrahams, 1995) as by Rosamond Smith [hb/Neil Stuart]
  • Double Delight (New York: Dutton/William Abrahams, 1997) as by Rosamond Smith [hb/Melissa Jakoby]
  • Starr Bright Will Be With You Soon (New York: Dutton, 1999) as Joyce Carol Oates Writing as by Rosamond Smith [hb/Melissa Hayden]
  • The Barrens (New York: Carroll and Graf Publishers, 2001) as Joyce Carol Oates Writing as by Rosamond Smith [hb/Jeffrey Spielman]
  • Middle Age: A Romance (New York: Ecco, 2001) [hb/Honi Werne]
  • Beastssfgateway.com (New York: Carroll and Graf Publishers, 2002) [hb/from Henry Fuseli]
  • Mudwoman (New York: Ecco, 2012) [hb/Allison Saltzman]
  • Daddy Love (New York: The Mysterious Press, 2013) [hb/Royce M Becker]
  • Jack of Spades (New York: The Mysterious Press, 2015) [hb/]

collections and stories (highly selected)

works as editor

about the author

For some time no reliable and up-to-date bibliography was readily available of Oates's enormous list of works. Publisher's checklists, though seemingly comprehensive about her, variously omitted many titles. The University of San Francisco site dedicated to her works was incomplete as presented online, not seeming to aspire to anything like full coverage. But Randy Souther's independent iteration of the project, The Glass Ark: A Joyce Carol Oates Bibliography [see under links below], provides a full checklist, significantly including all published stories (though oddly listed under "articles"), whether or not assembled in any of Oates's numerous collections. Other material is also presented here.


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