(1863-1956) Russian geologist, academician and author. Two of his novels, both early classics of Russian sf, have been translated: Plutoniia (1915; 1924; trans B Pearce as Plutonia 1957) and Zemlya Sannikova (1926; trans David Skvirsky as Sannikov Land 1955). Both are adventures after the style of Jules Verne, aimed at younger readers, and informatively crammed with geological and palaeontological data. The first is a Hollow-Earth story in which a party of Russian explorers enters the Earth via an unknown landmass north of the Bering Strait and finds a Lost World full of prehistoric reptiles (see Dinosaurs) and complete, following John Cleves Symmes, with an internal sun. The second is similar; a volcanic Island thrusting through the Arctic icecap to the far north of Siberia contains a fertile lost world, populated by a stone-age people, inside its huge crater. Other, untranslated, works by Obruchev were travel novels set in Central Asia. [PN]
see also: Russia.
Vladimir Afanasevich Obruchev
born Klepenino, Russia: 10 October 1863
died Zvenigorod, USSR: 19 June 1956
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