(1929-2016) US academic and sf critic. One of the better-known US theorists in structuralism, he is the author of a number of books on literary theory. Those with special relevance to sf are The Fabulators (1967), which deals with Fabulation, Structural Fabulation: An Essay on Fiction of the Future (1975), Science Fiction: History – Science – Vision (1977) with Eric S Rabkin (whom see for further details) and Fabulation and Metafiction (1979). The first two and the fourth of these are academic in approach, the second especially for its attempted definition of the sf genre (see Definitions of SF). With George Edgar Slusser and Rabkin, Scholes edited Bridges to Fantasy (anth 1982) and Co-Ordinates: Placing Science Fiction and Fantasy (anth 1983), both early collections of critical essays in the long-running Eaton Conference Papers sequence. He also introduced the 1975 US paperback edition of Tzvetan Todorov's Introduction à la littérature fantastique (1970; trans as The Fantastic: A Structural Approach to a Literary Genre 1973), and has written many shorter critical pieces on sf, including The Left Hand of Difference: Le Guin & Derrida (1983 chap). [PN]
see also: Critical and Historical Works About SF.
Robert Edward Scholes
born New York: 19 May 1929
died Rhode Island: 9 December 2016
works as editor
Eaton Conference Papers
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