(1946- ) US academic and author, associated with Roosevelt University in Chicago since 1971; as Dean of University College between 1981 and 1990; married to Ellen R Weil from 1997 until her death in 2000. Some of his earlier essays, like "The Known and the Unknown: Structure and Image in Science Fiction" (in Many Futures, Many Worlds, anth 1977, ed Thomas B Clareson), prefigured the typology of sf he presented in full in his most significant scholarly work, The Known and the Unknown: The Iconography of Science Fiction (1979), in which sf texts and their essential icons are defined according to their relationship to the permeable membrane separating us from the unknown, which Wolfe feels all sf attempts – or pretends to attempt – to pierce. The discussion is arranged around a lucid disposition of icons – the Spaceship, the City, the wasteland, the Robot and the Monster – and the book has served as an admirable mapping of its thesis (see Conceptual Breakthrough; SF Megatext). In Critical Terms for Science Fiction and Fantasy: A Glossary and Guide to Scholarship (1986) Wolfe made a first attempt – a revised edition is now required – to describe the critical vocabulary used by scholars in their attempts to encompass this protean genre. Harlan Ellison: The Edge of Forever (2002) with Ellen R Weil is an informed study of the work of Harlan Ellison, acutely focusing on a small number of indisputably significant stories. The essays grouped together as Evaporating Genres: Essays on Fantastic Literature (coll 2010) coherently present the literatures of the fantastic as mutable and interpenetrable from their beginnings, arguing that they can now be described as a "set of post-modern rhetorical modes that would [gradually] supplant ... the notion of genre itself".
Since 1992, Wolfe has published a long monthly book review column in Locus, the first years of this enterprise being assembled as Soundings: Reviews 1992-1996 (coll 2005), followed by Bearings: Reviews 1997-2001 (coll 2010) and Sightings: Reviews 2002-2006 (coll 2011). As a whole, this unbroken succession of reviews constitutes the most reliable, mature, sustained, ongoing response to the field at present (along with the sharp but less penetrating Reference Library column contributed to Analog by Thomas A Easton between 1979 and 2008), and may never be matched in the future, either in duration or quality.
Wolfe's American Science Fiction Anthology series for The Library of America, comprising American Science Fiction: Four Classic Novels 1953-1956 (anth 2012) and American Science Fiction: Five Classic Novels 1956-1958 (anth 2012), sagaciously showcases for a wide audience the American Genre SF novels within its remit. The novels selected were The Space Merchants (1953) by C M Kornbluth and Frederik Pohl, More Than Human (fixup 1953) by Theodore Sturgeon, The Long Tomorrow (1955) by Leigh Brackett, The Shrinking Man (1956) by Richard Matheson, which seemed less than canonical, Double Star (1956) by Robert A Heinlein, The Stars My Destination (1956) by Alfred Bester, A Case of Conscience (1958) by James Blish, Who? (1958) by Algis Budrys and The Big Time (March-April 1958 Galaxy; 1961) by Fritz Leiber. Some seemingly obvious choices were omitted for cause: Ray Bradbury's Fahrenheit 451 (1954) was not available, and Arthur C Clarke's Childhood's End (1954) was not by an American. But overall, this ample exercise in canon building can be expected to be influential. For his work as criticism in general he was given a Pilgrim Award in 1987; and for his work overall he received an IAFA Award for distinguished scholarship in 1998. [JC]
see also: Critical and Historical Works About SF; Definitions of SF; Eaton Award; Greenwood Press; Planetary Romance; Speculative Fiction.
Gary Kent Wolfe
born Sedalia, Missouri: 24 March 1946
- The Known and the Unknown: The Iconography of Science Fiction (Kent, Ohio: The Kent State University Press, 1979) [nonfiction: hb/uncredited]
- David Lindsay (Mercer Island, Washington: Starmont House, 1982) [nonfiction: chap: David Lindsay: pb/]
- Critical Terms for Science Fiction and Fantasy: A Glossary and Guide to Scholarship (New York: Greenwood Publications, 1986) [nonfiction: hb/nonpictorial]
- Harlan Ellison: The Edge of Forever (Columbus, Ohio: The Ohio State University Press, 2002) with Ellen R Weil [nonfiction: Harlan Ellison: hb/Dan O'Dair]
- Soundings: Reviews 1992-1996 (Harold Wood, Essex: Beccon Publications, 2005) [nonfiction: coll: pb/Judith Clute]
- Bearings: Reviews 1997-2001 (Harold Wood, Essex: Beccon Publications, 2010) [nonfiction: coll: pb/Judith Clute]
- Evaporating Genres: Essays on Fantastic Literature (Middletown, Connecticut: Wesleyan University Press, 2010) [nonfiction: coll: hb/Agnès Dodart]
- Sightings: Reviews 2002-2006 (Harold Wood, Essex: Beccon Publications, 2011) [nonfiction: coll: pb/Judith Clute]
works as editor
American Science Fiction
- Science Fiction Dialogues (Chicago, Illinois: Academy Chicago, 1982) [nonfiction: anth: text heavily edited by publisher: pb/nonpictorial]
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