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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 21 January 2022
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Gorman, J T

(1869-?   ) UK author of Young Adult books, usually of a military cast; he often signed himself Major J T Gorman. Of sf interest is Gorilla Gold (1937), whose young heroes traverse Africa in an autogiro, meeting a giant white gorilla and a pterodactyl en route. [JC]

Galactic Lens

This term, from Astronomy, makes frequent appearance in sf. It refers to the fact that our Galaxy is (like many others) approximately lens-shaped – it is a disc containing spiral arms, but like a lens it has a central bulge. Our own position in the Galaxy is quite a long way from the core; when we look towards the centre of the "lens", the direction in which the stars are clustered most thickly, we see the so-called Milky Way. Towards the outer rim of the "lens", stars are comparatively ...

Ralston, Gilbert

(1912-1999) Northern Ireland-born screenwriter and author, in America for many years, who may have sometimes written as by Stephen Gilbert (see Stephen Gilbert for discussion of the resulting confusion). It was, however, under his own name that Ralston wrote the screenplay for Willard (1971), the film of the 1968 novel by the "real" Stephen Gilbert, and for the sequel, Ben (script 1971; novelization 1972); in the 1970s he wrote several Westerns, also under his own name. [JC]

Mizuki Wakako

(1953-    ) Japanese comics creator whose works were striking in girls' sf Manga in the 1980s, finding suitable support to win two Seiun Awards after the inauguration of a comics category. Mizuki describes herself as a product of the first-wave of Japanese comics written by women for women (see Year 24 Group), who worked for a year as a bank clerk before retraining at an art school: "I had a premonition of what the next twenty years would be like, so I quit," she writes on ...

Dakron, Ron

Pseudonym of US poet and author Ronald J Christoffel (1953-    ). His novel Hammers (1997) describes in a somewhat gonzo literary style the transformation of five characters into hammerhead sharks (see Biology). The novella Mantids (2008) is a darkly humorous updating of Petronius's Satyricon. [JC/SH]

Clute, John

(1940-    ) Canadian critic, editor and author, in the UK from 1969; married to Judith Clute from 1964, partner of Elizabeth Hand since 1996. His first professional publication was the long sf-tinged poem "Carcajou Lament" (Winter 1960 [ie Autumn 1959] Triquarterly), though he only began publishing sf reviews in 1964 and sf proper with "A Man Must Die" in New Worlds for November 1966, where much of his earlier criticism also appeared. This criticism, despite some studiously ...



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