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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 8 August 2022
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WarGames

Film (1983). Sherwood Productions/MGM/UA. Directed by John Badham. Written by Lawrence Lasker, Walter F Parkes. Cast includes Matthew Broderick, Dabney Coleman, Barry Corbin, Ally Sheedy and John Wood. 113 minutes. Colour. / Senior defense officials in Colorado are seen deciding to transfer responsibility for responding to a Soviet attack from fallible humans to a Computer installation. Meanwhile in Seattle, teenager David (Broderick) attempts to use his own computer to hack into the ...

Kemurikusa

Japanese animated tv series (2019). Yaoyorozu. Directed and written by TATSUKI. Voice cast includes Arisa Kiyoto, Mikako Komatsu, Kenji Nojima and Tomomi Jiena Sumi. Twelve 24-minute episodes (plus six shorts). Colour. / This was TATSUKI's next project after the successful Season One of Kemono Friends (2017-current) and is based on his earlier two-part ONA (Original Net Animation), also called Kemurikusa and released in 2010 and 2012. / Six humanoid sisters live on what appears to be a ...

Hildebrandt, The Brothers

Working name for the team of American artists Gregory J Hildebrandt (1939-    ) and Timothy Mark Allen Hildebrandt (1939-2006), identical twin brothers, although they also worked separately using the working names Greg Hildebrandt and Tim Hildebrandt. They will forever be regarded primarily as the definitive illustrators of J R R Tolkien because of the famous Tolkien calendars that featured their paintings of his characters; oddly enough, except for one 1975 edition of Smith ...

Kircher, Athanasius

(1602-1680) German Jesuit priest and polymath, author of at least thirty ambitious texts unified by a profound desire to detect and determine and correlate original causes in all phenomena; his influence on later generations has been severely dissipated by his initial, conservative Christian adherence to a geocentric model of the universe (a century after Copernicus), though he changed his mind, and by the fact that – far more than other "sleepwalkers" into modernity as described by ...

Death Rays

Rays that could kill, whether by heat or by disintegration, were the staple Weapons of pulp sf in the 1920s and 1930s and became a central item of sf Terminology (see Blaster; Disintegrator). In Charles W Diffin's "The Power and the Glory" (July 1930 Astounding), Scientists suppress a new Power Source based on Nuclear Energy because the device can be adapted as a death ray. At about the time such rays were becoming old-fashioned in sf, scientists in the real world saw fit to invent the laser, ...

Clute, John

(1940-    ) Canadian critic, editor and author, in the UK from 1969; married to Judith Clute from 1964, partner of Elizabeth Hand since 1996. His first professional publication was the long sf-tinged poem "Carcajou Lament" (Winter 1960 [ie Autumn 1959] Triquarterly), though he only began publishing sf reviews in 1964 and sf proper with "A Man Must Die" in New Worlds for November 1966, where much of his earlier criticism also appeared. This criticism, despite some studiously ...



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