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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 8 August 2022
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Yano Ryūkei

Pen-name of Fumio Yano (1851-1931), a Japanese journalist, author and publisher regarded as one of the fathers of the genre in his native country. An early adopter of Western learning in the swiftly modernizing Japan, Yano studied English and Western law at Keiō Gijuku (later Keiō University). Following his graduation in 1873, he remained there as a teacher. In 1876, he became a journalist for the daily newspaper Yūbin Hōchi Shinbun ["Postal Bulletin News"]. From 1878-1881, ...

Durrell, Lawrence

(1912-1990) Indian poet and author (his English/Irish family settled in India about 1850), in England from 1923 to 1935, then in Greece and elsewhere; best known for the Alexandria Quartet (1957-1960). His fourth novel, Cefalû (1947; vt The Dark Labyrinth 1961) is a Near Future tale set Underground in a Cretan Labyrinth, where emanations out of the Minoan Time Abyss afflict the protagonists. His sf novel sequence, Tunc (1968) and Nunquam (1970), assembled as The Revolt of Aphrodite (omni ...

Hooker, le Roy

(1840-1906) Canadian minister and author, perhaps best known for a long poem in praise of the United Empire Loyalists (British subjects who emigrated northwards during and after the American Revolutionary War); of sf interest is Enoch The Philistine: A Traditional Romance of Philistia, Egypt and the Great Pyramid (1898), a Lost Race tale told in the first person by a man who experiences romance and desperation in the Middle East. [JC]

Gough, Julian

(1966-    ) UK-born singer-songwriter and author, in Ireland from the age of seven; he was a founder of and main writer of the band Toasted Heretic, which released four albums between 1988 and 1993. His first novel, Jude: Level 1 (2007; vt Jude in London 2009), is a nonfantastic though gonzo picaresque featuring an Irish orphan lad's attempts to find it all out. Of sf interest is the Near Future Connect (2018), whose protagonist, a moderately ungovernable teenager with ...

Alexander, James B

(1831-1914) US author whose sf phantasmagoria, The Lunarian Professor and His Remarkable Revelations Concerning the Earth, the Moon and Mars; Together with an Account of the Cruise of the Sally Ann (1909), might have been excluded from this encyclopedia on the grounds that the insectoid Lunarian pedagogue and all that he surveys turn out to be a dream – were it not that Alexander's imagination, though patently influenced by H G Wells, is too vivid to be ignored. The narrator is told at ...

Clute, John

(1940-    ) Canadian critic, editor and author, in the UK from 1969; married to Judith Clute from 1964, partner of Elizabeth Hand since 1996. His first professional publication was the long sf-tinged poem "Carcajou Lament" (Winter 1960 [ie Autumn 1959] Triquarterly), though he only began publishing sf reviews in 1964 and sf proper with "A Man Must Die" in New Worlds for November 1966, where much of his earlier criticism also appeared. This criticism, despite some studiously ...

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