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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 17 January 2022
Sponsor of the day: The Telluride Institute


Videogame (2001). Bungie Studios. Platforms: Mac, PS2, Win. / Oni is a third person fighting game (see Videogames) with the narrative structure and world design of a linearly plotted First Person Shooter. This unique combination of forms works well in principle, but the game's urban environments, based on real-world architecture, seem overly repetitive and are arguably poorly designed for gameplay. The game is set in a twenty-first century heavily influenced by Ghost in the Shell (1995) and ...

Enstrom, Robert

(1946-    ) US industrial chemist and author whose first novel, Encounter Program (1977), attempts to deal with a late-century sf problem – how to cope with Aliens when we encounter them – in an idiom derived from Space Operas published 50 years earlier, when the problem was easier to solve. Beta Colony (1980), in which a colony planet attempts to re-colonize Ruined Earth, is moderately less stiff in its depiction of the savagely degraded culture that has ...

Rozanès, Alain P

(?   -    ) Author, possibly French, of an sf novel, The Great Confederation of Argos (trans by Melanie Brown 1996), set in Near Future France when it is discovered that all women, including virgins and those past menopause, have simultaneously become pregnant; the affliction turns out to be worldwide. [JC]

Space Science Fiction

US Digest-size magazine, eight issues May 1952 to September 1953, published by Space Publications; edited by Lester del Rey. Space was the senior companion to Science Fiction Adventures, Rocket Stories and Fantasy Fiction. The most prolific contributor was del Rey himself, sometimes as Erik Van Lhin or Philip St John. Notable stories included T L Sherred's "Cue For Quiet" (May-July 1953) and Philip K Dick's "Second Variety" (May 1953) and "The Variable Man" (September 1953). Space also saw the ...

Crater Lake Monster, The

Film (1977). Crown International Pictures. Produced by William R Stromberg. Directed by Stromberg. Dinosaur animation by David Allen and Jim Danforth (uncredited). Written by Stromberg and Richard Cardella from their original story. Cast includes Richard Cardells, Bob Hyman, Glen Roberts, Sonny Shepard and Mark Siegel. 85 minutes. Colour. / Near Crater Lake, California (not the implied Crater Lake, Oregon) a pair of young college students show Scientist Richard "Doc" Calkins (Hyman) an ...

Nicholls, Peter

(1939-2018) Australian editor and author, primarily a critic and historian of sf through his creation and editing of The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction [see below]; resident in the UK 1970-1988, in Australia from 1988; worked as an academic in English literature (1962-1968, 1971-1977), scripted television documentaries, was a Harkness Fellow in Film-making (1968-1970) in the USA, worked as a publisher's editor (1982-1983), often broadcast film and book reviews on BBC Radio from 1974 and ...

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