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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

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Raife, Raymond

Pseudonym of an insecurely identified author, possibly Benjamin Hayward (?   -?   ), active from before 1900 in the magazines with most of his work 1908-1927 appearing in Boy's Own Paper (see Boys' Papers). Of sf interest are The Sheik's White Slave: Being an Account of the Unravelling of the Mysteries of the Temple of Djaramos (1895), a Lost Race tale set in North Africa, and The Quest for the Arctic Poppy: A Tale of the Great Ice-Wastes of the Far North ...

Banks, Tony

(1950-    ) UK musician, best known as the keyboard-player and founder-member of Genesis, Banks released a number of solo albums, none of which enjoyed commercial success. The first of these, A Curious Feeling (1979), is a concept-album adaptation of Daniel Keyes's Flowers for Algernon (April 1959 F&SF; exp 1966), very Genesis-like in sound, with vocals by Scottish singer Kim Beacon (1957-2005). [AR]

Dunn, Mark

(1956-    ) US author and playwright who is of both sf and Oulipo interest for his first novel Ella Minnow Pea: A Progressively Lipogrammatic Epistolary Fable (2001), whose premise echoes James Thurber's The Wonderful O (1957 chap) – in which the titular O is banned from speech and writing – and ventures further with a steady loss of letters from the alphabet. The imaginary land of Nollop reveres the author of the well-known pangrammatic sentence "The quick brown ...

Malec, Alexander

(1929-2014) US author, variously employed, who began publishing sf with "Project Inhumane" for The Colorado Quarterly in Spring 1964. Extrapolasis (coll 1967) assembles much of his sometimes awkward but frequently sharply pointed work, which was restricted to short stories, only one of which – "10.01 A. M." (March 1966 Analog), a Near Future tale about Crime and Punishment – ever appeared in a Genre SF magazine. [JC]

Turner, Edgar

(1857-1942) UK author whose The Girl with Feet of Clay (coll 1900) contains some spoofs and tales of genre interest, including "The Little Girl", in which a character resembling Marie Corelli literally refuses to grow up; there is no evidence that J M Barrie was familiar with the tale. Turner's Lost-World adventure, The Armada Gold (1908) with Reginald Hodder, which is set on two Islands in the South Seas, is moderately arousing; but he remains of more interest for The Submarine Girl (1909), in ...

Nicholls, Peter

(1939-2018) Australian editor and author, primarily a critic and historian of sf through his creation and editing of The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction [see below]; resident in the UK 1970-1988, in Australia from 1988; worked as an academic in English literature (1962-1968, 1971-1977), scripted television documentaries, was a Harkness Fellow in Film-making (1968-1970) in the USA, worked as a publisher's editor (1982-1983), often broadcast film and book reviews on BBC Radio from 1974 and ...

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