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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 20 June 2022
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A for Andromeda

UK tv serial (1961). A BBC TV production. Produced by Michael Hayes, Norman Jones, written John Elliot from a storyline by Fred Hoyle. Cast includes Julie Christie, Peter Halliday, Esmond Knight, Mary Morris, Patricia Neale, John Nettleton and Frank Windsor. Seven episodes, the first six at 45 minutes, the last 50 minutes. Black and white. / In the then Near Future of 1970, a radio signal transmitted from the Andromeda Galaxy proves, when decoded by maverick Scientist Fleming (Halliday), to ...

Fry, Lena Jane

(?   -?   ) US author the larger part of whose Other Worlds [for full title see Checklist] (coll 1905) describes a lightly fictionalized socialist Utopia set on the planet Herschel, named after the composer and astronomer William Herschel (1738-1822), who discovered Uranus; the volume also includes a short story, "The Planet Venus", in which the inhabitants of Venus view Earth through a telescope and lament our shortcomings. [JC]

Ruhen, Carl

(1937-2013) New Zealand-born author, in Australia from 1947, highly prolific from the early 1960s to 1989 with 78 reported novel publications – many from the high-output Australian "pulp" publisher Horwitz – plus numerous short stories and articles. His novels included some routine horror, not listed below. Ruhen is of sf interest as probably the principal collaborator on the film Tie Mad Max 2 (1982) with Terry Hayes and George Miller, novelizing Mad Max 2 (1981; vt The Road ...

Hawthorne, Nathaniel

(1804-1864) US author, father of Julian Hawthorne, whose work in the literatures of the fantastic – a surprisingly high proportion of his oeuvre – concentrates supernatural fiction, much of this material being rationalized, however, in sf terms. One of the formative figures in US literature, Hawthorne was intrigued throughout his writing career by themes that would become common to sf. His extensive notebooks outline dozens of projected sf works – some of which he was able to ...

Kohda, Claire

(?   –     ) UK author whose first novel, Woman, Eating (2022), sophisticatedly examines the dilemmas – social, sexual (see Sex), philosophical – that must be faced by a Vampire in the contemporary world. The protagonist of the tale, whose father is Japanese and mother half-British half-Malaysian, seems well placed both to be impacted by her condition (see Race in SF) and ultimately to profit from it. The argument of the tale seems to be ...

Clute, John

(1940-    ) Canadian critic, editor and author, in the UK from 1969; married to Judith Clute from 1964, partner of Elizabeth Hand since 1996. His first professional publication was the long sf-tinged poem "Carcajou Lament" (Winter 1960 [ie Autumn 1959] Triquarterly), though he only began publishing sf reviews in 1964 and sf proper with "A Man Must Die" in New Worlds for November 1966, where much of his earlier criticism also appeared. This criticism, despite some studiously ...

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