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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

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Pringle, Eric

(1935-2017) UK screenwriter and author connected in his earlier career with the Doctor Who universe, for which he wrote a Tie, Doctor Who – The Awakening (1985). Later he chiefly concentrated on Radio work, though his Big George sequence for younger children, beginning with Big George (2001), amusingly retells the legend of Saint George and the Dragon in sf terms, with a lovable Alien serving as dragon. [JC]

Gojira 1985

Film (1985; vt Godzilla 1985). Toho/New World. Directed by Kohji Hashimoto, R J Kizer. Written by Shuichi Nagahara, Lisa Tomei, from a story by Tomoyuki Tanaka. Cast includes Raymond Burr (US version), Keiju Kobayashi and Ken Tanaka. 120 minutes, cut to 91 minutes USA and 87 minutes UK. Colour. / The original screenplay from Gojira (1954) is not credited, but this is effectively a remake of the first film; although it purports to be a sequel, it ignores the other 14 sequels as if they had ...

Townsend, Eric

Pseudonym of UK author Eric William MacLean (1901-?   ), who also wrote as by Eric W Townsend, almost exclusively for Boys' Papers; much of this work has never appeared in book form, with two exceptions of some sf interest. The Bell of Santadino (13 January 1922 Champion; 1937) revolves around a giant bell, likely of ancient origin, which is discovered in the mountains of Peru. The Lair of the Bird-Men (1938), is a Lost Race tale featuring a hirsute minuscule race of humanoids ...

Craine, E J

(1881-?   ) US bookkeeper and author of many Young Adult titles in the 1920s and 1930s, some of which rationalize supernatural elements; the only titles with genuine fantasy content are written for younger readers. She is of sf interest primarily for her Airplane Boys sequence (see Airplane Boys), which was also published – simultaneously or soon after – as the Flying Buddies sequence, or the Sky Larking Comrades sequence as by M Delmore Marquith. These various forms ...

Fantastic Voyages

The fantastic voyage is one of the oldest literary forms, the first paradigm instances of its use being the Sumerian Epic of Gilgamesh, from the third millennium BCE, and Homer's Odyssey (circa sixth century BCE); it remains one of the basic frameworks for the casting of literary fantasies. Of the prose forms extant before the development of the form of nonfantastic prose fiction that became identified as the novel in the eighteenth century, the fantastic voyage is the most important in the ...

Nicholls, Peter

(1939-2018) Australian editor and author, primarily a critic and historian of sf through his creation and editing of The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction [see below]; resident in the UK 1970-1988, in Australia from 1988; worked as an academic in English literature (1962-1968, 1971-1977), scripted television documentaries, was a Harkness Fellow in Film-making (1968-1970) in the USA, worked as a publisher's editor (1982-1983), often broadcast film and book reviews on BBC Radio from 1974 and ...

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