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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 8 August 2022
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Pratt, Tim

(1976-    ) US author and poet, a graduate of Clarion Science Fiction Writers' Workshop (East) who is currently a senior editor of Locus, for which he has written many reviews and obituaries. He also writes as T A Pratt and as by T Aaron Payton. Pratt began to publish fiction of genre interest with "53rd Annual Mantis Homecoming Dance" in Maelstrom Speculative Fiction for Winter 1999 and has since been highly prolific in short fiction, with well over a hundred stories and ...

Updike, John

(1932-2009) US author whose carefully polished and opulent style led him more than once beyond the constraints of the mimetic, though he never abandoned his conviction that the narrative conventions of realism necessitously sufficed to describe the world, and he was in this sense a paradigmatic Mainstream Writer of SF; his aversion to genres in literature was conspicuous, as shown in a remarkably obtuse review (20 March 1995 The New Yorker) of John Le Carré's Our Game (1995). / All ...

Merrill, Albert Adams

(1873-1952) US airplane designer, founder of the Boston Aeronautical Society in 1894, a solo pilot from 1911; a wind tunnel, built according to his specifications at Caltech in the 1940s, was dedicated to him in 1950. He is the author of a well-known Utopia, The Great Awakening: The Story of the Twenty-Second Century (1899), in which a nineteenth-century American, reincarnated into the body of a man named Pangloss (see Identity Transfer; Voltaire) is guided through the Technological wonderland ...

Finlay, Virgil

(1914-1971) American artist, sometimes credited simply as Finlay. After studying art in high school and working at various odd jobs, this prolific artist began his career with an interior illustration for the December 1935 issue of Weird Tales and eventually produced several thousand pieces of black-and-white interior work for various magazines; he also painted many magazine covers, including sixteen for Weird Tales, twenty-four for Famous Fantastic Mysteries, and twenty-five for Fantastic ...

Evil Genius

Videogame (2004). Elixir Studios. Designed by Demis Hassabis, Sandro Sammarco. Platforms: Win. / Evil Genius is a God Game which serves as a gentle, good-humoured parody of such science-fictional "superspy" films and television programmes as Moonraker (1979) and The Avengers (1961-1969). Within Videogames, its clearest predecessor is perhaps Dungeon Keeper (1997) (see God Games), in which the player adopts the role of a Dark Lord in a generic fantasy milieu, charged with maintaining a vast ...

Clute, John

(1940-    ) Canadian critic, editor and author, in the UK from 1969; married to Judith Clute from 1964, partner of Elizabeth Hand since 1996. His first professional publication was the long sf-tinged poem "Carcajou Lament" (Winter 1960 [ie Autumn 1959] Triquarterly), though he only began publishing sf reviews in 1964 and sf proper with "A Man Must Die" in New Worlds for November 1966, where much of his earlier criticism also appeared. This criticism, despite some studiously ...



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