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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 24 January 2022
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Big O

Japanese animated tv series (1999-2000, 2003). Original title Za Biggu Ō. Sunrise. Created by Kazuyoshi Katayama and Hajime Yatate. Directed by Kazuyoshi Katayama. Written by Kazuyoshi Katayama and Chiaki J. Konaka. Voice cast includes Tessho Genda, Mitsuru Miyamoto, Emi Shinohara and Akiko Yajima. 26 24-minute episodes. Colour. / The population of Paradigm City (for which read New York) believe they live in the last refuge of humanity; but because of "The Event" 40 years ago, when all ...

Murakami Haruki

(1949-    ) Japanese author, translator and former jazz bar proprietor, inspired by such Americana as the stories of Richard Brautigan and the Absurdist SF of Kurt Vonnegut. Murakami's laconic prose is thick with American allusions and quite unlike the insular intricacies of earlier Japanese literature. His rambling, pensive characters, often suppressing emotional trauma through the pursuit of an unlikely McGuffin, are joined in later books by a recurring obsession with ...

Barnes, Myra Edwards

(1933-    ) US author of Linguistics and Language in Science Fiction-Fantasy (1975), a reprint of her 1971 PhD dissertation. This is a useful introduction to the subject (see Linguistics), although not as comprehensive as Aliens and Linguists: Language Study and Science Fiction (1980) by Walter E Meyers. [PN]


UK indie-rock band founded in 1993 by US-born musician and singer Margaret Fiedler McGinnis (1967-    ) and UK bass-guitarist John Frenett (1970-    ) and named (of course) for the first mammal to orbit the earth. The group's complexly rhythmic, slippery, hypnotic music manifests a persistent fascination with outer space. The band's first release, Silver Apples of the Moon (1995) – this album has no relation to Morton Subotnick's 1967 release ...

Circle, The

Film (2017). Image Nation Abu Dhabi, Likely Story, Playtone. Directed by James Ponsoldt. Written by James Ponsoldt and Dave Eggers, based on Eggers' The Circle (2013). Cast includes Emma Watson, Tom Hanks, John Boyega, Karen Gillan, Ellar Coltrane, Patton Oswalt, Glenne Headly and Bill Paxton. 110 minutes. Colour. / Directionless call centre employee Mae (Watson) secures an interview at the social media company The Circle through the influence of her old friend Annie (Gillan). She is soon ...

Clute, John

(1940-    ) Canadian critic, editor and author, in the UK from 1969; married to Judith Clute from 1964, partner of Elizabeth Hand since 1996. His first professional publication was the long sf-tinged poem "Carcajou Lament" (Winter 1960 [ie Autumn 1959] Triquarterly), though he only began publishing sf reviews in 1964 and sf proper with "A Man Must Die" in New Worlds for November 1966, where much of his earlier criticism also appeared. This criticism, despite some studiously ...

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