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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 24 January 2022
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Todd, Ruthven

(1914-1978) Scottish scholar, poet and author, in US from 1947-1958, and then Majorca; his most important nonfiction work, Tracks in the Snow: Studies in English Science and Art (1946), effectively argued the imaginative power – when conjoined – of the two subtitled categories, instancing at length the work of William Blake (1748-1827) and John Martin; as R T Campbell, he wrote several detective novels, beginning with Unholy Dying (1945) [none contain fantastic elements, and are not ...

Biggers, W Watts

(1927-2013) US composer, scriptwriter who wrote Underdog (1964-1973), an animated television series featuring the eponymous rhyming dog Superhero (recited by Wally Cox), and author whose The Man Inside (1968) describes – perhaps not coincidentally – the experiences of a man embedded within a Robot, who must communicate through this disguise. [JC]

Hallums, James R

(?   -    ) UK author of whom nothing is known beyond his authorship of the unremarkable They Came, They Saw (1965), set in a 1979 world menaced by the threat of Invasion. [JC]

Fate of the World

Videogame (2011). Red Redemption (RR). Designed by Gobion Rowlands, Ian Roberts, Amy O'Neil. Platforms: Mac, Win (2011); rev vt Fate of the World: Tipping Point (2012). / Fate of the World is an Independent Game, created in the UK, which simulates the effects – physical, economic and political – of Climate Change. Its design is essentially that of a God Game; it resembles such "kingdom simulators" as the prototypal Hamurabi (also known as The Sumer Game), but with its scope ...

Fan Language

Sf enthusiasts, in common with other groups, have evolved their own terminology and usage. This language comprises words and phrases used in the writing of sf itself and also the more arcane and whimsical jargon of Fandom and Fanzines. / Most sf readers are familiar with the shorthand of their literature, and words like Spaceship, Robot, Time Machine, Force Field and even FTL (Faster Than Light drive), Ray Gun and Space Warp need little or no glossing. These words, however, originated in sf ...

Nicholls, Peter

(1939-2018) Australian editor and author, primarily a critic and historian of sf through his creation and editing of The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction [see below]; resident in the UK 1970-1988, in Australia from 1988; worked as an academic in English literature (1962-1968, 1971-1977), scripted television documentaries, was a Harkness Fellow in Film-making (1968-1970) in the USA, worked as a publisher's editor (1982-1983), often broadcast film and book reviews on BBC Radio from 1974 and ...

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