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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 27 June 2022
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Intelligence is necessarily one of the issues discussed in the entries on Aliens, Anti-Intellectualism in SF, Cybernetics, Mutants and Superman. Machine intelligence is discussed under Computers and Robots; for amplification of human intelligence via computer enhancement or interfacing, see Cyborgs and Singularity. This entry is restricted to stories in which the emphasis is on the actual workings of intelligence in living beings. / Much sf refers to intelligence, but a surprisingly small ...

Freas, Frank Kelly

(1922-2005) American illustrator, born Frank Kelly; he added the last name Freas after his stepfather adopted him, and was often known professionally simply as Kelly Freas. For many years, Freas was sf's most popular artist, and he surely qualifies as its most productive; after half a century of steady work, his accomplishments were staggering. / After some freelance jobs and military service during World War II, the self-trained Freas decided to pursue his longstanding interest in science ...


UK film (2017; vt Carnage: Swallowing the Past). BBC iPlayer. Directed and written by Simon Amstell. Cast includes Eileen Atkins, Linda Bassett, Lindsay Duncan, Vanessa Feltz, Martin Freeman, Gemma Jones, Joanna Lumley, Lorraine Kelly, Racheal Ofori, Mawaan Rizwan, Miles Sembi, Kirsty Wark and Robert Wilde. 65 minutes. Colour. / A documentary in the year 2067 attempts to come to terms with humanity's past, explaining to horror-struck viewers of the future that there was once a time when the ...

Strahan, Jonathan

(1964-    ) Irish-born anthologist, reviewer, broadcaster and editor, in Australia from 1968. He first became known to the sf field in 1990 as co-founder of the Australian sf journal Eidolon, with which he was involved until 1999 as co-editor and publisher. His long association with Locus as editor and contributor began in 1997, though he returned to Australia in 1999; he was most active as a reviewer for the journal 1999-2004. In 1999 he founded The Coode Street Press, ...

Silicon Dreams

Videogame series (from 1983). Level 9 Computing (L9). / The Silicon Dreams trilogy is a series of text-based science fiction Adventures. The first game, Snowball (1983 L9, Atari8, C64, Spectrum; 1984 Amstrad, MSX) designed by Mike Austin, Nick Austin, Pete Austin, is set aboard a slower than light colony starship (the "Snowball 9") approaching its destination in the solar system of 40 Eridani A. The ship design strongly resembles the "Enzmann Starship" proposed by Dr Robert Enzmann in 1969, ...

Robinson, Roger

(1943-    ) UK computer programmer, bibliographer and publisher, active in UK Fandom for many years. The Writings of Henry Kenneth Bulmer (1983 chap; rev 1984 chap) is an exhaustive Bibliography of one of the most prolific sf writers, and Who's Hugh?: An SF Reader's Guide to Pseudonyms (1987) is similarly exhaustive in its listing of Pseudonyms. Criticized at first for its failure to annotate its findings – so that, for instance, pseudonyms used for sf could not be ...

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