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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 23 May 2022
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Hughes, Rian

(?   -    ) UK Comics and Graphic Novel illustrator, graphic designer, typographer and author, active from the early 1980s, his first graphic novel being The Science Service (graph 1987) with John Freeman; some of his early work was for sf comics like 2000 AD and Dan Dare – Pilot of the Future. / Hughes is perhaps of strongest sf interest for his much later novels. XX: A Novel, Graphic (2020) takes its inception from a possible First Contact ...

Ford, Ford Madox

(1873-1939) UK editor and author, born Joseph Leonard Ford Hermann Madox Hueffer into a literary family of German descent, and who signed his books Ford Madox Hueffer for the first thirty years of his career; he was in active service through almost the full extent of World War One, his experiences in the trenches directly inspiring On Heaven; And Poems Written on Active Service (coll 1918). In protest at German behaviour during the conflict he changed his name by deed poll to Ford Madox Ford, ...

Sunn Classic Pictures

US film production and distribution company founded in 1971 by Rayland Jensen and based in Park City, near Salt Lake City, Utah: it was a subsidiary of the Schick razor company (and was sometimes called Schick Sunn Classic Pictures). In 1980 the company was bought by Taft Broadcasting, eventually being renamed Taft International Pictures, until being subsumed into another company in 1987. Sunn Classic made and distributed family films and were early users of audience testing to shape a film's ...

Wharton, Michael

(1913-2006) UK journalist and author born Michael Bernhard Nathan, but taking his mother's surname in adulthood; he is best known for his anti-modern, deeply conservative, often hilarious Way of the Word newspaper columns (intermittently 1957-2006) written as by Peter Simple. These highly fantasticated columns show the influence of similar work by Beachcomber (see J B Morton) and Myles na Gopaleen (see Flann O'Brien), though not the latter's politics. Sheldrake (1958), his only novel, which is ...

Spotswood, Christopher

(1813-1890) Indian-born author, in Australia from before 1848; the protagonist of his only known publication, Voyage of Will Rogers to the South Pole (1888 chap), while whaling in the South Seas, is dragged by a whale even farther southwards, into the heart of the Antarctic, where the climate is mild, and a Lost Race inhabits the fertile land of Bencolo. With no issues of scarcity to "civilize" them, they have created a mild-mannered Utopia run by clement magistrates. Rogers leaves without ...

Robinson, Roger

(1943-    ) UK computer programmer, bibliographer and publisher, active in UK Fandom for many years. The Writings of Henry Kenneth Bulmer (1983 chap; rev 1984 chap) is an exhaustive Bibliography of one of the most prolific sf writers, and Who's Hugh?: An SF Reader's Guide to Pseudonyms (1987) is similarly exhaustive in its listing of Pseudonyms. Criticized at first for its failure to annotate its findings – so that, for instance, pseudonyms used for sf could not be ...

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