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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

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Incredible Shrinking Man, The

Film (1957). Universal. Directed by Jack Arnold. Written by Richard Matheson, based on his own The Shrinking Man (1956). Cast includes April Kent, Randy Stuart and Grant Williams. 81 minutes. Black and white. / This is one of the few truly classic sf films of the 1950s. The basic premise is unscientific, but that does not detract from the power of this story about a man (Williams) who becomes contaminated by a radioactive cloud and starts to shrink (see Miniaturization). What was once safe ...

Fitzpatrick, Ernest Hugh

(1863-1933) US doctor, poet and author, whose first novel with sf content, The Marshal Duke of Denver; Or, the Labor Revolution of 1920 (1895) as by Hugo Barnaby, uninterestingly inveighs against the rise of unions; and whose second, The Coming Conflict of Nations; Or, the Japanese-American War (1909), is a Future War tale in which Japan – incensed at American treatment of Japanese immigrants – invades America, but is defeated. [JC]

Ponyo on the Cliff by the Sea

Japanese animated film (2008; vt Ponyo); original title Gake no Ue no Ponyo. Studio Ghibli. Directed and written by Hayao Miyazaki. Voice cast includes Yūki Amami, Hiroki Doi, Yuria Nana and George Tokoro. 101 minutes. Colour. / Whilst playing by the sea, five-year-old Sōsuke (Doi) finds a trapped fish whose head appears almost human. Rescuing it, he cuts his finger, which the fish licks. He names it Ponyo (Nana) and is delighted when, shortly after, it begins to speak: a bond is ...

Johnston, William

(1924-2010) US author, primarily of Ties to various media productions; he wrote more than a hundred such novelizations and original tied novels, beginning to publish work of genre interest with the well-received Get Smart! (1965) and eight further ties to the Television "spy-fi" spoof Get Smart! (1965-1970). Like the parent show these genial comedies feature Technothriller and sf devices, such as the Invisibility serum which becomes a McGuffin in the second book, Sorry, Chief ... (1966). ...

Fallen London

Videogame (2009; vt Echo Bazaar). Failbetter Games. Designed by Alexis Kennedy. Web. / Fallen London is an internet browser-based game set in a decaying alternative London (see also Ruins and Futurity), which also contains elements of Science and Sorcery, or perhaps more accurately Steampunk and Sorcery. The game was developed with a design tool called StoryNexus, for which Fallen London was both the prototype and initial reason for development. StoryNexus is available for anyone to use, ...

Robinson, Roger

(1943-    ) UK computer programmer, bibliographer and publisher, active in UK Fandom for many years. The Writings of Henry Kenneth Bulmer (1983 chap; rev 1984 chap) is an exhaustive Bibliography of one of the most prolific sf writers, and Who's Hugh?: An SF Reader's Guide to Pseudonyms (1987) is similarly exhaustive in its listing of Pseudonyms. Criticized at first for its failure to annotate its findings – so that, for instance, pseudonyms used for sf could not be ...

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