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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 27 June 2022
Sponsor of the day: David Redd

SF International

US Digest-size Semiprozine published by Andromeda Press, Newbury Park, California and edited by William H Wheeler. Intended as a bimonthly magazine presenting translations of stories from around the world. Countries represented included Italy, Germany, China, Serbia, Holland as well as Great Britain, Australia and the USA but, as has happened every time anyone has introduced an international sf magazine (see International SF; Internova), it failed to find the necessary support and folded after ...

Hagio Moto

(1949-    ) Japanese artist, often described as the "founding mother" of modern Japanese comics for girls, regarded, along with Keiko Takemiya, as the epicentre of the Year 24 Group of influential female Manga creators (see Women SF Writers). Much of the style of Hagio's early output was born from her attempts to circumvent restrictions; she produced relatively tame works for Kōdansha magazines, before being lured to Shōgakukan by editors ready to publish the more ...

Gardner, Gilson

(1869-1935) US author of A New Robinson Crusoe: A New Version of his Life and Adventures, With an Explanatory Note (1920), an updating of various Robinsonade tropes; the protagonist is becomes a castaway due to a plane crash; there are hints of Inventions in the air, which edge the text into sf. [JC]

Lytton, Edward Bulwer

(1803-1873) UK author, known as Edward Lytton Bulwer until 1838, when he was knighted, becoming Sir Edward Bulwer. He became Sir Edward Bulwer-Lytton in 1843 when he succeeded to the Knebworth estate on his mother's death, a version of his name often used. More simply, he was also known as Bulwer Lytton; the standard editions of his collected works give his name as Lord Lytton. He became Colonial Secretary in 1858-1859 (he signed the documents creating British Columbia and Queensland), and was ...

Grey Goo

Popular term (also spelt "gray goo" in the USA) for the nightmare scenario of uncontrolled Nanotechnology in which the hypothetical tiny self-replicators reproduce without limit, converting all available organic matter – or in some cases inorganic matter, or both – into more and yet more devouring grey goo. Such a Disaster is threatened but averted in Assemblers of Infinity (September-December 1992 Analog; exp 1993) by Kevin J Anderson and Doug Beason. Earth has been destroyed by ...

Robinson, Roger

(1943-    ) UK computer programmer, bibliographer and publisher, active in UK Fandom for many years. The Writings of Henry Kenneth Bulmer (1983 chap; rev 1984 chap) is an exhaustive Bibliography of one of the most prolific sf writers, and Who's Hugh?: An SF Reader's Guide to Pseudonyms (1987) is similarly exhaustive in its listing of Pseudonyms. Criticized at first for its failure to annotate its findings – so that, for instance, pseudonyms used for sf could not be ...

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