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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 24 January 2022
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Sharecrop

A term almost certainly devised by Gardner Dozois in the late 1980s to designate a story or book which has been written on hire; that is, assigned to an author – who will not hold copyright in the piece that s/he writes – by a franchiser or the copyright owner of the concept being developed. To describe a text as sharecropped is in 1995 almost certainly to disparage it as commodity fiction, designed to fit a prearranged marketing slot and written to order according to strict ...

Terraforming

If the Colonization of Other Worlds is not to be restricted to those that prove almost-exact duplicates of the Earth, some form of adaptation will be necessary; the colonists might adapt themselves by Genetic Engineering, as in James Blish's Pantropy series, or cyborgization (see Cyborgs), as in Frederik Pohl's Man Plus (1976), but if they are bolder they might instead adapt the worlds, by terraforming them. The verb "terraform" was coined by Jack Williamson in "Collision Orbit" (July 1942 ...

Schwarz-Bart, André

(1928-2006) French author, married to Simone Schwarz-Bart; his parents were murdered by the Nazis in World War Two, and he subsequently joined the Resistance; his writing career was dominated by these experiences, his most famous novel being Le Dernier des Justes (1959; trans Stephen Becker as The Last of the Just 1960), a fantasy following over eight centuries the lives of the "Just Men" of one family, these being designated humans whose existence justifies God's sufferance. The last of these ...

McCarthy, Cormac

(1933-    ) US playwright and author whose most highly esteemed and best-known novels until the twenty-first century were technically Westerns, including Blood Meridian; Or the Evening Redness in the West (1985), a scarifying recounting of events subsequent to the Mexican-American War of 1846-1848 seen through the eyes of a runaway fourteen-year-old lad. The slow intensification of horrors, many of them historically documented, comes close to supernatural intensity; and ...

British Fantasy Society Bulletin

Fanzine published by the first British Fantasy Society. Edited by D R Smith. 28 issues from June 1942 to November 1946, on a schedule generally varying between monthly and bimonthly. / This was the Newszine of the first British Fantasy Society, formed in 1942 and continuing to 1946. Following three issues of the tentatively titled British Fantasy Fan Federation Preliminary Bulletin edited by J Michael Rosenblum in March, April and May 1942, the British Fantasy Society Bulletin was ...

Nicholls, Peter

(1939-2018) Australian editor and author, primarily a critic and historian of sf through his creation and editing of The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction [see below]; resident in the UK 1970-1988, in Australia from 1988; worked as an academic in English literature (1962-1968, 1971-1977), scripted television documentaries, was a Harkness Fellow in Film-making (1968-1970) in the USA, worked as a publisher's editor (1982-1983), often broadcast film and book reviews on BBC Radio from 1974 and ...



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