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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 17 August 2022
Sponsor of the day: The Telluride Institute

Stratford, Jordan

(?   -?   ) Canadian author whose interest in "fringe" Religion seems not directly to impact upon his long involvement with Steampunk as a way of seeing the world with joy and engagement. He is of sf interest for the Wollstonecraft Detective Agency series beginning with The Case of the Missing Moonstone (2015), featuring Mary Shelley (the agency being named after her mother) and Ada Lovelace. The sequence, written for the younger edge of the Young Adult market, ...


Literally, "double-walkers". Very broadly, doppelgangers begin to make significant appearances in the early nineteenth century, in the works of authors like E T A Hoffmann, whose use of these figures was central to the concept of the Uncanny (or Unheimlich) in the works of Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) (see also Mysterious Stranger). To meet one's own supernatural double (or Scots "fetch") was traditionally an unlucky or fatal portent; a well-known treatment of this theme is Edgar Allan Poe's short ...

Bewildering Stories

US Online Magazine published weekly since 15 July 2002 with commendable regularity, missing only Christmas week until 2006 and then missing other major holidays so that it averaged 47 or 48 issues per year. Originally published by Jerry Wright (1946-2013) at Moses Lake, Washington and edited by Don Webb (credited as "Managing Editor; founder and originator of the Bewildering concept"), who continues with the help of a host of assistants and an editorial board. It reached its 500th issue on 29 ...

Tomino Yoshiyuki

(1941-    ) Japanese author, Anime director and sometime lyricist (as by Rin Iogi), whose career spans the entire history of animation on Television in the twentieth century and into the twenty-first. Some of his other pseudonyms include Minoru Yokitani, and Manami Asa. A graduate of the Nihon University of the Arts, he joined Osamu Tezuka's Mushi Production as an animator on Astro Boy. He left in the late 1960s to work as an art lecturer and commercial filmmaker, but was ...


["Hydro-Mystery"] Film (1971). Zespół Filmowy Plan. Directed by Andrzej Kondratiuk. Written by Andrzej Bonarski and Andrzej Kondratiuk. Cast includes Iga Cembrzyńska, Roman Kłosowski, Zdzisław Maklakiewicz, Wiesław Michnikowski and Józef Nowak. 70 minutes. Black and white. / Hydro-Mystery uses the Superhero genre as a vehicle for Satire. Shot in 1970 and released in 1971, the film delivered a powerful one-two of Political commentary and comedic relief, ...

Nicholls, Peter

(1939-2018) Australian editor and author, primarily a critic and historian of sf through his creation and editing of The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction [see below]; resident in the UK 1970-1988, in Australia from 1988; worked as an academic in English literature (1962-1968, 1971-1977), scripted television documentaries, was a Harkness Fellow in Film-making (1968-1970) in the USA, worked as a publisher's editor (1982-1983), often broadcast film and book reviews on BBC Radio from 1974 and ...

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