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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

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Ackerman, Wendayne

(1912-1990) German-born translator, in the US for many years before her death; married to Forrest J Ackerman from 1949 to 1957, and his companion in later years. She translated Stanisław Lem's Niezwyciȩżony i inne opowiadania (Warsaw, Poland: Wydawnictwo Ministerstwa Obrony Narodowej, 1964) as The Invincible (1973), from the German translation of the original; and Trudno byt' bogom (1964) [see details in Checklist] by Arkady and Boris Strugatski as Hard to be a God (1973). She ...

Weller, Archie

(1957-    ) Australian author whose second novel, Land of the Golden Clouds (1998), is set in a Ruined Earth Australia three millennia hence, long after a destructive nuclear World War Three; it is built around its varied protagonists' epic journey across the great continent, undergoing experiences typical of the Fantastic Voyage, before they redeem their world by defeating a possibly supernatural foe. Of the varied cultures emblematically presented, nearly intact survivors ...

Ripley, Karen

Pseudonym of US author Mary K Urhausen (1948-    ) who began publishing work of genre interest with "In Another Land" for If in 1968 as Mary Urhausen, but whose later work is always signed Karen Ripley. It includes the Prisoner of Dreams sequence comprising Prisoner of Dreams (1989) and The Tenth Class (1991), which features the adventures of a female starship-pilot who must cope with repressive authorities and with planets named, for instance, Heinlein (see Recursive SF); ...

Reynolds, Philip

Pseudonym of an unidentified French author (1916-?   ) whose sf novel, "Ce pourrait se passe comme ca" (1950 Ce Matin; trans Joseph F McCrindle as When and If 1952; vt It Happened Like This 1953), describes World War Three between the West and Soviet Russia in considerable detail, much of the narrative following Future War conventions where battles tend to be described minutely; nuclear weapons are eventually used, causing the destruction of London and New York and much of the ...

Oppel, Kenneth

(1967-    ) Canadian author most of whose early work, beginning with an adolescent fantasy, Colin's Fantastic Video Adventure (1985), comprises Young Adult fantasy series, including the Silverwing Universe sequence [not listed below] and the Matt Curse sequence beginning with Airborn (2004), a Steampunk sequence set in an Alternate History version of Victorian England dominated by Airships, at least one of them being a Ship of Fools. The Apprenticeship of Victor Frankenstein ...

Clute, John

(1940-    ) Canadian critic, editor and author, in the UK from 1969; married to Judith Clute from 1964, partner of Elizabeth Hand since 1996. His first professional publication was the long sf-tinged poem "Carcajou Lament" (Winter 1960 [ie Autumn 1959] Triquarterly), though he only began publishing sf reviews in 1964 and sf proper with "A Man Must Die" in New Worlds for November 1966, where much of his earlier criticism also appeared. This criticism, despite some studiously ...

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