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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 27 June 2022
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A.I.: Artificial Intelligence

Film (2001). Warner Brothers/Dreamworks/Amblin Entertainment. Directed by Steven Spielberg. Written by Steven Spielberg, based on a screen story by Ian Watson itself based on the story "Super-Toys Last All Summer Long" (December 1969 Harper's Bazaar) by Brian W Aldiss, with uncredited contributions from Stanley Kubrick. Cast includes Brendan Gleeson, William Hurt, Jude Law, Frances O'Connor, Haley Joel Osment, Sam Robards, Jake Thomas and Robin Williams (voice). 146 minutes. Colour. / In ...

Tintera, Amy

(?   -    ) US author of the Near Future Young Adult Dystopian Reboot sequence beginning with Reboot (2013), whose young protagonist, having died, is reborn with enhanced abilities but with a Zombie-like lack of affect, making her an ideal recruit in the repressive regime's army, except for a sudden love interest, and the new experiences available beyond the city walls. [JC]

Belfield, Harry Wedgwood

(1893-1964) UK author, almost exclusively for boys (see Children's SF), whose first two works of sf interest for the Boys' Friend Library were A Temple of Thrills!: A Vivid, Long Complete Story of Desperate Peril and Adventure in India (1923 chap) as by Rupert Drake, which involves Rockets; and The Forest of Hidden Trails: A Thrilling Story of Peril & Adventure in the Wilds of South America (1927 chap) as by Rupert Drake, a Lost Race tale involving Incas up the Amazon. Under his own name, ...

Sherman, Harold M

(1898-1987) US psychic researcher, journalist from about 1921, screenwriter, playwright and author whose first work of sf interest was The Land of Monsters (1931), an adventure featuring Dinosaurs as Monsters. In the Tahara sequence – Tahara, Boy King of the Desert (1933), Tahara Among African Tribes (1933), Tahara, Boy Mystic of India (1933) and Tahara in the Land of Yucatan (1933) – a young white boy parachutes into the Sahara and becomes king of the blue-eyed Stone Age ...


In this encyclopedia the term "airship" is generally used for powered lighter-than-air craft extrapolated from dirigible Balloons and employed as Transportation. However, it seems reasonable also to mention the winged but machine-driven Consolidator featured in Daniel Defoe's The Consolidator (1705), which was soon forgotten, like all Chinese Inventions, being supplanted in Proto SF by balloons; and to include the early, fantastically huge, heavier-than-air flying machines that proliferated in ...

Clute, John

(1940-    ) Canadian critic, editor and author, in the UK from 1969; married to Judith Clute from 1964, partner of Elizabeth Hand since 1996. His first professional publication was the long sf-tinged poem "Carcajou Lament" (Winter 1960 [ie Autumn 1959] Triquarterly), though he only began publishing sf reviews in 1964 and sf proper with "A Man Must Die" in New Worlds for November 1966, where much of his earlier criticism also appeared. This criticism, despite some studiously ...

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