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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 27 June 2022
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UK tv series (1961-1962). AP Films/ATV/ITC. From an idea by Gerry Anderson and Reg Hill, produced by Anderson. Directors included David Elliott, Alan Pattillo, Desmond Saunders, Bill Harris. Writers were either Gerry and Sylvia Anderson or Hugh Woodhouse and his brother Martin Woodhouse. Two seasons, 39 25-minute episodes in all. Black and white. / This was the first of Anderson's SuperMarionation sf series for children. Supercar, a marvel of Transportation which can also travel Under the ...


Film (2019). Warner Bros Pictures in association with DC Films, Joint Effort, Bron Creative and Village Roadshow Pictures. Directed by Todd Phillips. Written by Phillips and Scott Silver. Cast includes Zazie Beetz, Frances Conroy, Brett Cullen, Robert De Niro and Joaquin Phoenix. 122 minutes. Colour. / This origin story for Batman's most famous nemesis (see Villains), which is technically nonfantastic, is included here for convenience. The film imagines the Joker when young as Arthur Fleck ...


"Time," a character explains in Ray Cummings's The Girl in the Golden Atom (stories 5 March 1919, 24 January-24 February 1920 All-Story Weekly; fixup 1921), "is what keeps everything from happening at once." This enormously broad sf theme is dealt with under several encyclopedia headwords, of which the most important is Time Travel. Physical travel through time is traditionally accomplished either by imaginary Technology in the form of a Time Machine, through the more or less "natural" accident ...

Martinson, Harry

(1904-1978) Swedish author and poet, active from the late 1920s, member of the Swedish Academy; recipient of the 1974 Nobel Prize for Literature. A prolific writer, Martinson's one contribution to sf is Aniara: en Revy om Människan i Tid och Rum (1953 Cikada; exp 1956; trans Hugh MacDiarmid and Elspeth Harley Schubert as Aniara: A Review of Man in Time and Space 1963; new trans Stephen Klass and Leif Sjöberg 1991), a 103-canto epic poem (see Poetry) eloquently defending humane values ...


While the term "omnibus" has sometimes been used to describe Anthologies, as in the title of Groff Conklin's anthology Omnibus of Science Fiction (anth 1952), it is better reserved for volumes in which complete novels predominate. It is commonplace for veteran authors to republish three or more of their novels in single volumes, especially if they are parts of a trilogy or Series – a well-known example being Isaac Asimov's The Foundation Trilogy (omni 1963) – and for publishers of ...

Clute, John

(1940-    ) Canadian critic, editor and author, in the UK from 1969; married to Judith Clute from 1964, partner of Elizabeth Hand since 1996. His first professional publication was the long sf-tinged poem "Carcajou Lament" (Winter 1960 [ie Autumn 1959] Triquarterly), though he only began publishing sf reviews in 1964 and sf proper with "A Man Must Die" in New Worlds for November 1966, where much of his earlier criticism also appeared. This criticism, despite some studiously ...

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