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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

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Finch, Sheila

(1935-    ) UK-born author, in the USA from 1957, naturalized in 1965, who began publishing sf with "The Confession of Melakos" for Sou-wester in 1977; some of her early stories appeared as by Sheila Finch-Rayner. Her first novel, Infinity's Web (1985), complicatedly describes the lives of five versions of one protagonist who live in various Alternate Worlds, and who gradually gain a sense of the mutual web they inhabit. Though far more devoted to generic pleasures than ...

Home-Gall, William Benjamin

(1861-1933) Hong Kong-born author, in UK from early childhood, much of whose work was written for Boys' Papers, including several sf tales as by Reginald Wray, a typical title being The Hidden World (29 May-12 June 1915 Boys' Friend; 1920 chap). Beyond the Northern Lights: Tale of Stange Adventure in Unknown Seas (1903) as by Reginald Wray is a Lost-World tale set near the North Pole; Under the Southern Cross (1912) carries very similar protagonists in fantastic mysteries in Brazil and ...

Chester, William L

(1907-1971) US author whose various occupations included bank clerk, realtor and hospital administrator. He is known for his 1930s Blue Book magazine series about Kioga, a Tarzan-like white child raised on a vast Island Lost World within the Arctic Circle, somewhere in northern Siberia but heated by thermal springs and unknown currents, from which he escapes into the company of bears and Mika, a snow-lion: Hawk of the Wilderness (April-October 1935 Blue Book; 1936), filmed as Hawk of the ...

Raffalovich, George

(1880-1958) French-born academic and author, in UK from around 1906 to 1915, when his advocacy of Ukrainian rights (sometimes as by Bedwin Sands) was deemed potentially treasonous; then in US. Of sf interest are two collections: Planetary Journeys and Earthly Sketches (coll 1908; vt On the Loose 1910), which includes four connected tales involving travel by Telepathy to other planets, where various forms of life (see Life on Other Worlds) are described, some of them descended from ancient ...

Future War

One of the principal imaginative stimuli to futuristic and scientific speculation has been the possibility of War (which see for an overview of this encyclopedia's coverage of the broader theme), and the possibility that new Technology might transform war. This stimulus was particularly important during the period 1870-1914 and in the years following the revelation of the atom bomb in 1945. / Antique futuristic fictions such as the anonymous Reign of George VI, 1900-25 (1763) anticipate ...

Clute, John

(1940-    ) Canadian critic, editor and author, in the UK from 1969; married to Judith Clute from 1964, partner of Elizabeth Hand since 1996. His first professional publication was the long sf-tinged poem "Carcajou Lament" (Winter 1960 [ie Autumn 1959] Triquarterly), though he only began publishing sf reviews in 1964 and sf proper with "A Man Must Die" in New Worlds for November 1966, where much of his earlier criticism also appeared. This criticism, despite some studiously ...

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