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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

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Videogame (2011). Supergiant. 2011: PC, XB360. 2012: iOS, PS4, PSVita. / Made by independent games company Supergiant, Bastion is an Isometric Adventure puzzle game, one of several independent titles produced in the early 2010s that helped to elevate independent ("indie") videogames (see Independent Games) to a more prominent position in gaming culture. Bastion won several awards; as an independent title, for its engaging soundtrack, and for the complex narrative. These included those from ...

Levy, Joseph Hiam

(1838-1913) UK economist, journalist and author, active from before 1870, in politics a radical individualist whose later arguments prefigure American thought many years later (see Libertarian SF), and which led him to oppose vaccination and other social measures (in this, too, he prefigured later positions). An Individualist's Utopia (1912) presents in lightly fictionalized terms a Utopia drawn up on these lines, with an emphasis on Eugenics. [JC]

Ingpen, Robert

(1936-    ) Australian artist, illustrator and author, active from the late 1950s; most of his work is nonfiction or fantasy, the latter usually for children; he has also illustrated a very wide range of titles. He is of sf interest for the Australian Gnomes sequence beginning with Australian Gnomes (1979), which won a 1980 Ditmar Award for best novel, though its narrative elements are presented in the form of a fictional encyclopedia. The gnomes in question are miniature ...

Super Friends

Animated tv series (1973-1974). Hanna-Barbera Productions for ABC-TV. Creative producer: Iwo Takamoto. Directed by Charles A Nichols. Writers included Bernie Kahn, Fred Freiberger, Ken Rotcop and Marshall Williams. Based on the Comic Justice League of America. Cast includes Sherry Alberoni, Norman Alden, Danny Dark, Olan Soule and Frank Welker. Narrator: Ted Knight. Sixteen 60-minute episodes. Colour. / The greatest – DC Comics Superheroes, Batman, Robin, Superman, Wonder Woman and ...

Fate of the World

Videogame (2011). Red Redemption (RR). Designed by Gobion Rowlands, Ian Roberts, Amy O'Neil. Platforms: Mac, Win (2011); rev vt Fate of the World: Tipping Point (2012). / Fate of the World is an Independent Game, created in the UK, which simulates the effects – physical, economic and political – of Climate Change. Its design is essentially that of a God Game; it resembles such "kingdom simulators" as the prototypal Hamurabi (also known as The Sumer Game), but with its scope ...

Robinson, Roger

(1943-    ) UK computer programmer, bibliographer and publisher, active in UK Fandom for many years. The Writings of Henry Kenneth Bulmer (1983 chap; rev 1984 chap) is an exhaustive Bibliography of one of the most prolific sf writers, and Who's Hugh?: An SF Reader's Guide to Pseudonyms (1987) is similarly exhaustive in its listing of Pseudonyms. Criticized at first for its failure to annotate its findings – so that, for instance, pseudonyms used for sf could not be ...

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