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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

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Torture

The darker side of sf and fantasy has produced many inventive torture devices, such as the fantasticated apparatus in Edgar Allan Poe's "The Pit and the Pendulum" (in The Gift, anth dated 1843 but 1842) and Franz Kafka's The Penal Colony (1919 chap; trans 1933). The torments of the Spanish Inquisition, as luridly imagined in Poe's story, are revisited in Patricia Anthony's God's Fire (1997). George Orwell's Nineteen Eighty-Four (1949) knowingly tailors the means of torture to the individual ...

Salvador, Tomás

(1921-1984) Spanish author of both mainstream work and sf. He published five sf novels, three collections and sixteen short stories. Most of these books were published in hardcover and had frequent reprints, showing that he was a popular writer. / As a teenager Salvador experienced the Spanish Civil War on the Republican side in Madrid although at the age of 20 he enlisted as a volunteer in the Blue Division, fighting for Nazi Germany on the Russian front for two years, where he was ...

Eldred, Tim

(1965-    ) US illustrator and author of Graphic Novels whose Young Adult Space Opera, Grease Monkey (graph 2006), poses its young protagonist a series of practical problems as he comes to terms with his role as a low-ranking cadet mechanic drafted into humanity's fight back against the Alien assault which has decimated Earth's population. His main problems come from his need to relate to his boss on board the vast space artefact which houses the heart of Earth's response ...

Lakshminarayan, Lavanya

(?   -    ) Indian Videogame designer and author whose first book of fiction, Analog/Virtual: And Other Simulations of Your Future (coll of linked stories/fixup 2020), sophisticatedly overrides any restrictive classification of her portrait of the lives of twenty inhabitants of the distant Near Future Apex City, each occupying a story of their own through a close-third-person narrative lens that gives an insect-eye perspective on the whole. The City portrayed ...

Forbidden Lines

US Semiprozine published by Paul B Thompson, Chapel Hill, North Carolina and edited by Charles Overbeck supported by an editorial board consisting of a student-based writers' group at the University of North Carolina. It ran for 16 letter-size issues from October/November 1990 to Summer 1994, initially bimonthly but irregular after Fall 1992. The magazine began because the writers' group felt there were insufficient markets in the US for sf/fantasy and those few markets dictated the nature of ...

Clute, John

(1940-    ) Canadian critic, editor and author, in the UK from 1969; married to Judith Clute from 1964, partner of Elizabeth Hand since 1996. His first professional publication was the long sf-tinged poem "Carcajou Lament" (Winter 1960 [ie Autumn 1959] Triquarterly), though he only began publishing sf reviews in 1964 and sf proper with "A Man Must Die" in New Worlds for November 1966, where much of his earlier criticism also appeared. This criticism, despite some studiously ...



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