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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

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Term used to describe a form of perspective projection sometimes used in Videogames, particularly in those intended for older hardware, for which it could be technically advantageous. Some mathematical complexities are involved, but in essence an isometric view is one in which the lines of perspective are not linear, as in post-Renaissance European art, but parallel, as in classical Chinese scrolls. Thus objects appear in three dimensions but do not diminish with distance. This can allow ...

Sedgwick, Marcus

(1968-    ) UK illustrator and author, mostly of Young Adult fiction, most of which has been fantasy, including series like his first, the Dead Day sequence beginning with The Book of Dead Days (2003), which ornately invokes (but clearly does not intend seriously to scrutinize) the tropes and topoi of Gothic SF. Some series are written for younger children, one of these, the Cudweed sequence beginning with Cudweed's Birthday (2011), being sf, though spoofed to attract the ...

Atkins, Rev E C

(1855-1949) US minister and author who has sometimes been confused with Bernarr Macfadden, though his story for the latter's journal Physical Culture, "My Bride from the Other World" (?1904 Physical Culture), was ascribed to him not to Macfadden. [MA]

Berry, Rick

Working name of American artist Richard Berry (1953-    ), born Richard Riley, though Berry is now his legal name; he is sometimes credited as Richard or Rich, and he also uses the pseudonym Sam Rakeland. Berry tells biographers that he left home at the age of seventeen to work for underground comics, but there seems to be no information linking his name to specific titles. The self-trained Berry then developed an interest in the emerging field of digital art and eventually ...


Known usually by its acronym, the Spectator Amateur Press Society (1947-current) is one of the oldest APAs to emerge from sf Fandom; only FAPA (which see) and VAPA (Vanguard Amateur Press Association, 1945-1950) were of earlier origin. SAPS was first launched by the New Jersey fan group known as the Spectators, also founded in 1947 and short-lived, which left only the APA as a lasting legacy. Founding members included Joe Kennedy, in later years more widely known as the poet X J Kennedy. ...

Robinson, Roger

(1943-    ) UK computer programmer, bibliographer and publisher, active in UK Fandom for many years. The Writings of Henry Kenneth Bulmer (1983 chap; rev 1984 chap) is an exhaustive Bibliography of one of the most prolific sf writers, and Who's Hugh?: An SF Reader's Guide to Pseudonyms (1987) is similarly exhaustive in its listing of Pseudonyms. Criticized at first for its failure to annotate its findings – so that, for instance, pseudonyms used for sf could not be ...

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