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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 24 January 2022
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US Digest-size magazine. 175 issues March 1952 to November/December 1974. It was founded by James L Quinn's Quinn Publishing Co. with Paul W Fairman as editor, but Fairman, who had been writing profusely for the Ziff-Davis Amazing Stories and Fantastic Adventures developed If as a copy of those magazines. Sales were poor and Quinn sacked Fairman and took over the editorial chair himself, in November 1952. Apart from the period May 1953 to March 1954 when Larry Shaw served as editor, Quinn ...

Connell, Adam

(1973-    ) US author who, after an early career in the New York stock market, published an sf novel, Counterfeit Kings (2004), a noirish thriller, set on the Jovian moon Io (see Jupiter), whose protagonist must search for his world's missing king, a search complicated by a plethora of bodyguards known as Ringers who have been surgically altered so that they are indistinguishable from their monarch. [JC]


Many sf stories make use of this ancient Board Game of stylized War, which emerged in recognizable form in India and China by approximately the sixth century and spread westward, reaching Europe by the eleventh century. Its numerous appearances in Fantasy include Lewis Carroll's Through the Looking-glass (1871), whose introduction of living chess pieces has been enormously influential, and which is structured around an eccentric chess game whose moves are usefully traced in The Annotated Alice ...

Rousseau, Yvonne

(1945-2021) Australian author, editor and critic whose first published fiction of genre interest was "The Truth About Oscar" (22 December 1981 The Bulletin; in Matilda at the Speed of Light, anth 1988, ed Damien Broderick). Her The Murders at Hanging Rock (1980; exp 1988) is a remarkable jeux-d'esprit study of Picnic at Hanging Rock (1967) by Joan Lindsay, whose four mutually incompatible approaches to the novel's central mystery include analyses in terms of classical detective fiction, ...

Lessner, Erwin

(1898-1959) Austrian journalist, soldier and author who escaped to the US from occupied Europe in 1941, becoming a naturalized US citizen in 1946. His telling Near Future Satire, Phantom Victory: The Fourth Reich 1945-1960 (1944), begins with the surrender of Hitler's double and the disappearance of the genuine Führer as his forces melt into the civilian background after Germany loses World War Two. Ten years later,a mysterious Messiah figure appears who calls himself the Supreme Shepherd, ...

Clute, John

(1940-    ) Canadian critic, editor and author, in the UK from 1969; married to Judith Clute from 1964, partner of Elizabeth Hand since 1996. His first professional publication was the long sf-tinged poem "Carcajou Lament" (Winter 1960 [ie Autumn 1959] Triquarterly), though he only began publishing sf reviews in 1964 and sf proper with "A Man Must Die" in New Worlds for November 1966, where much of his earlier criticism also appeared. This criticism, despite some studiously ...

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