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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 23 May 2022
Sponsor of the day: The Telluride Institute

Birds of Prey

US tv series (2002-2003). Warner Brothers Television and DC Entertainment with Tollin/Robbins Productions for the WB Television Network. Based on characters created by Gardner F Fox, Carmine Infantino, Bob Kane, Bob Layton, Paul Levitz, John Ostrander, Jerry Robinson, Jo Staton, others. Producers included Peter Giuliano, Adam Horowitz and Edward Kitsis. Directors included Jim Charleston, Chris Long, Brian Robbins. Writers included Adam Armus, Nora Kay Foster, Adam Horowitz, Laeta Kalogridis, ...

Resistance, The

Card Game (2009). Designed by Don Eskridge. Indie Boards and Cards. / The Resistance is a Werewolf / Mafia style card game of deceit and bluff for 5-10 players. The game takes about 30 minutes to play. It is one of several games released between 2010 and 2015 which reinvigorated and reworked a traditional mode of gaming that incorporates both cooperation and fiendish lies as essential elements of play. The Resistance is regarded as a popular Gateway Game – easy to teach and ...

Toy Game

Term used by this encyclopedia to describe a form of Videogame in which, unlike most Games, the player is given no explicit goals to achieve. Such games are typically simulations of a complex technological or sociological system which can be experimented with in the manner of a Toy; the US designer Will Wright has described his own contributions to the form as "software toys". The earliest Toy Games modelled vehicles such as aircraft, as in Flight Simulator (1979 subLOGIC, AppleII; 1980 TRS80) ...

Justice, Keith L

(1949-2004) US journalist, teacher and bibliographer, active for many years (until his accidental death) as a reporter for various Ohio papers; though not a fiction writer, he did publish one story of genre interest, "The Symbol Hunter" in Unearth for Spring 1977. To the field of sf Bibliography he contributed two titles, both useful when released though inevitably superseded: Science Fiction Master Index of Names (1987); and the competently annotated Science Fiction, Fantasy and Horror ...

Lem, Stanisław

(1921-2006) Polish critic, polymath and author, winner of numerous awards including the 1973 Polish State Literary Award. Born in Lwów, he described his childhood and adolescence charmingly (if selectively) in the autobiographical Wysoki zamek ["High Castle"] (1966; trans Michael Kandel as Highcastle: A Remembrance 1995). Lem's study of medicine was interrupted in World War Two by the Nazi occupation, which as a Jew he survived at great risk (most of his family were murdered in the ...

Langford, David

(1953-    ) UK author, critic, editor, publisher and sf fan, in the latter capacity recipient of 21 Hugo awards for fan writing – some of the best of his several hundred pieces are assembled as Let's Hear It for the Deaf Man (coll 1992 chap US; much exp vt The Silence of the Langford 1996; exp 2015 ebook) as Dave Langford, edited by Ben Yalow – plus five Best Fanzine Hugos and one Semiprozine Hugo for his self-produced news magazine, Ansible (which see). His one ...

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