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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

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Gallun, Raymond Z

(1911-1994) US author and technical writer, born and educated in Wisconsin, a considerable traveller in later years. He began publishing sf stories at the age of eighteen in November 1929, with "The Space Dwellers" in Wonder Stories and "The Crystal Ray" in Air Wonder Stories. In the 1930s he made a 1932 contribution to Hugo Gernsback's Science Fiction Series [see Checklist] and published frequently in F Orlin Tremaine's Astounding, his most famous contributions being the Old Faithful series ...

Kelley, William Melvin

(1937-2017) US author whose celebrated short novel A Different Drummer (1959) is an sf fable telling of Black history in an imaginary town in an imagined southern state of the USA (see Race in SF), and ending with a mass emigration of all Blacks from this state in 1957. The isolation of this town [for Polder see The Encyclopedia of Fantasy under links below] is reminiscent of the Yoknapatawpha Country created by William Faulkner (1897-1962), as has been widely noted; but Kelley's easy use of sf ...

Bair, Patrick

Pseudonym of UK author David Groom (?   -    ), whose Faster! Faster! (1950) is a Dystopian fable with an sf flavour in which representatives of three classes, caught on a train which goes on for ever, must work out their destinies; its abstract nature differentiates the tale from his later work, though Gargantua Falls (1951) places very similar Satirical points in an only partially fantasticated America. The Tribunal (1970) satirizes a Near-Future revolution ...

Wilson, JJ Amaworo

(1969-    ) German-born Nigerian/UK playwright and author, most recently in USA, active since the early 1990s, his early plays and stories being nonfantastic; he has published his academic nonfiction as JJ Wilson. He is of sf interest for Damnificados (2016), set in a Near Future urban conglomeration resembling Caracas, Venezuela, where in real life a partially constructed skyscraper was taken over by squatters. The abandoned Keep in Damnificados is sufficiently complex and ...

Frame, Janet

(1924-2004) New Zealand author, best known for her non-fantastic work; some of her stories – especially those assembled in Snowman, Snowman: Fables and Fantasies (coll 1963) and You Are Now Entering the Human Heart (coll 1983) – are fantasy. The most intense of her several novels explore the world through the telling Perceptions of protagonists categorized as psychiatrically disturbed, situations frequently described in terms that utilize the languages of the fantastic, though ...

Clute, John

(1940-    ) Canadian critic, editor and author, in the UK from 1969; married to Judith Clute from 1964, partner of Elizabeth Hand since 1996. His first professional publication was the long sf-tinged poem "Carcajou Lament" (Winter 1960 [ie Autumn 1959] Triquarterly), though he only began publishing sf reviews in 1964 and sf proper with "A Man Must Die" in New Worlds for November 1966, where much of his earlier criticism also appeared. This criticism, despite some studiously ...



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