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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 23 May 2022
Sponsor of the day: Andy Richards of Cold Tonnage Books

Todorov, Tzvetan

(1939-2017) Bulgarian literary critic, in France from 1963; he pursued his postgraduate studies in Paris under the direction of the semiotic philosopher Roland Barthes (1915-1980). Among Todorov's several books and essays on structuralist criticism, all written in French, Introduction à la littérature fantastique (1970; trans Richard Howard as The Fantastic: A Structural Approach to Literary Genre 1973; US paperback 1975 with intro by Robert Scholes) has relevance to the student ...

Disney on Television

Aside from a one-off special in 1950 to promote Alice in Wonderland (1951), the Walt Disney Company's involvement with Television was initially to fund and advertise Disneyland – whose opening ceremony would be broadcast on ABC, watched by 70 million people. ABC had helped fund the park in return for a television series, Walt Disney's Disneyland (1954-1958), which was followed by Walt Disney Presents (1958-1961). Similar shows would run each year on ABC, NBC or CBS until 1983. These shows ...


Videogame (1998). Valve. Platforms: Win (1998); rev PS2 (2001). / Half-Life is a First Person Shooter, notable for its depth of narrative immersion (see Game Design). It was the first FPS in which a storyline was presented without the use of non-interactive scenes interposed between levels set in different locations. Instead, the story is integrated with the gameplay, using such techniques as overheard conversations and prescripted events triggered by player actions. While the storyline ...

Two Complete Science-Adventure Books

US Pulp magazine, thrice yearly, eleven issues, Winter 1950 to Spring 1954, published by Wings Publishing Co. New York, a subsidiary of Fiction House; edited by Jerome Bixby (Winter 1950-Summer 1951), Malcolm Reiss (Winter 1951-Summer 1953) and Katharine Daffron (Winter 1953-Spring 1954). Issues numbered #1-#11. / A companion magazine to Planet Stories, Two Complete Science-Adventure Books was originally intended to reprint recently published sf novels in cheap magazine format: #1 contained ...

Colgan, Jennifer

(?   -    ) US author of romances and supernatural fictions, plus at least one full-blown fantasy, Conjured in Flames (2005). She should not be confused with the Scottish author of comic romances and Doctor Who titles, Jenny Colgan. [JC]

Langford, David

(1953-    ) UK author, critic, editor, publisher and sf fan, in the latter capacity recipient of 21 Hugo awards for fan writing – some of the best of his several hundred pieces are assembled as Let's Hear It for the Deaf Man (coll 1992 chap US; much exp vt The Silence of the Langford 1996; exp 2015 ebook) as Dave Langford, edited by Ben Yalow – plus five Best Fanzine Hugos and one Semiprozine Hugo for his self-produced news magazine, Ansible (which see). His one ...

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