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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

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The ways in which we become aware of and receive information about the outside world, mainly through the senses, are together called perception. Philosophers are deeply divided as to whether our perceptions of the outside world correspond to an actual reality, or whether they are merely hypotheses, intellectual constructs, which may give us an unreliable or partial picture of external reality, or whether, indeed, outside reality is itself a mental construct. / Perception is and always has ...


Although little excitement is now aroused by the addition of yet another short-lived heavy element to the Periodic Table of Physics [see links below], new elements with extraordinary properties used to be highly popular sf devices. Public awareness of radioactivity led to much fictional exploitation of unstable, Ray-emitting nuclides, especially radium itself, and reawakening of interest in the old theme of Transmutation (which radioactive elements undergo spontaneously). / Quite apart from ...

Pollack, Frederick

(1945-    ) US university teacher and poet, best known in the latter capacity for his two book-length narrative poems (see Poetry): The Adventure (1986) is an Afterlife fantasy [see The Encyclopedia of Fantasy under links below]; Happiness (1998) is set in an Alternate World, created (perhaps advertently) by Stephen Hawking (1942-2018), where the lines of power have been reversed, and a leftwing Utopia has been created. It does not last. [JC]


Virtually all the acknowledgements in the second edition of 1993, as reproduced in the 1995 CD-ROM, still apply – these appear below the following list of third-edition addenda. First come those without whom this online edition would never have appeared. / Gollancz, our publisher from 2011 to 2021, made the third edition possible. The stewardship of the project by Malcolm Edwards and Simon Spanton of Orion/Gollancz is greatly appreciated. Darren Nash, while at Little Brown/Orbit ...

Takahashi Rumiko

(1957-    ) Japanese comics creator, notable through being a female author largely for magazines with predominantly male readerships, whose best-selling status by the late 1980s helped to propel her to foreign attention. She remains one of the Manga industry's most prominent celebrities, regularly appearing in annual lists of Japan's highest tax-payers, and hence one of the most successful Women SF Writers in the world. / Citing the satires of Yasutaka Tsutsui and the ...

Clute, John

(1940-    ) Canadian critic, editor and author, in the UK from 1969; married to Judith Clute from 1964, partner of Elizabeth Hand since 1996. His first professional publication was the long sf-tinged poem "Carcajou Lament" (Winter 1960 [ie Autumn 1959] Triquarterly), though he only began publishing sf reviews in 1964 and sf proper with "A Man Must Die" in New Worlds for November 1966, where much of his earlier criticism also appeared. This criticism, despite some studiously ...

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