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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

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Film (1990). Universal. Directed by Sam Raimi. Written by Chuck Pfarrer, Sam Raimi, Ivan Raimi, Daniel Goldin, Joshua Goldin, from a story by Raimi. Cast includes Larry Drake, Colin Friels, Frances McDormand and Liam Neeson. 91 minutes. Colour. / In its violence and simple, over-the-top characterization this is essentially the film equivalent of a Comic book, an "origin of a Superhero" story of sadism and revenge. Darkman, patterned on the Phantom of the Opera (with visual quotes reminding ...

Miller, Eugenia

(1916-2012) US journalist and author of Young Adult novels; the young protagonist of The Sign of the Salamander (1967) enters a portal in France and Timeslips to sixteenth-century France, where he meets Leonardo da Vinci. [JC]

Levene, Malcolm

(1937-1973) UK author, in Australia from the 1960s, whose Carder's Paradise (1968) describes the mixed blessings of Automation: a completely automated society whose inhabitants are kept busy by complex entertainments. [JC]

Star General

Videogame (1996). Catware. Designed by Bill Fawcett. Platforms: DOS, Win. / Star General is a turn-based strategic war game dealing with conflicts on an interstellar scale (see Computer Wargames), much influenced by board and counter Wargames. The design is an expanded version of Panzer General (1994 Strategic Simulations Inc, DOS; 1995 3DO; 1996 Mac, PS1, Win), a well received World War Two era Computer Wargame which adopted many of the conventions of the tabletop form, including a ...

Johnson, Edgar

(1912-1990) US ceramic artist and author, for whose works of sf interest in collaboration with his wife Annabel Johnson, see her entry. Johnson should not to be confused with Edgar Johnson (1901-1972), an earlier novelist. [JC]

Clute, John

(1940-    ) Canadian critic, editor and author, in the UK from 1969; married to Judith Clute from 1964, partner of Elizabeth Hand since 1996. His first professional publication was the long sf-tinged poem "Carcajou Lament" (Winter 1960 [ie Autumn 1959] Triquarterly), though he only began publishing sf reviews in 1964 and sf proper with "A Man Must Die" in New Worlds for November 1966, where much of his earlier criticism also appeared. This criticism, despite some studiously ...

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