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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

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Role Playing Game (1986). Steve Jackson Games (SJG). Designed by Steve Jackson. / Although it was preceded by such earlier attempts as Worlds of Wonder (1982 Chaosium) designed by Steve Henderson, Gordon Monson, Steve Perrin, Greg Stafford, Lynn Willis, GURPS (the Generic Universal Role Playing System) was the first widely popular attempt to produce a set of mechanics for RPGs that could be used in any type of setting. While a generic system cannot be tailored to reinforce the designers' ...

Varan the Unbelievable

Film (1958; 1962 US). Original Japanese title Daikaijū Baran. Dallas Productions Inc/Toho Company (uncredited)/Crown International Pictures. Produced by Jerry A Baerwitz. Directed by Baerwitz and Ishirō Honda (uncredited). Written by Sid Harris from a story by Ken Kuronuma and Shi'ichi Sekizama (uncredited). Cast includes Myron Healey, Clifford Kawada and Tsuruko Kobayashi. 70 minutes. Black and white. / US naval commander James Bradley (Healey) is in charge of a project on an ...


Known usually by its acronym, the Spectator Amateur Press Society (1947-current) is one of the oldest APAs to emerge from sf Fandom; only FAPA (which see) and VAPA (Vanguard Amateur Press Association, 1945-1950) were of earlier origin. SAPS was first launched by the New Jersey fan group known as the Spectators, also founded in 1947 and short-lived, which left only the APA as a lasting legacy. Founding members included Joe Kennedy, in later years more widely known as the poet X J Kennedy. ...

Bicentennial Man

Film (1999). 1492 Pictures, Columbia Pictures Corporation, Laurence Mark Productions, Touchstone Pictures (see The Walt Disney Company). Directed by Chris Columbus. Starring Embeth Davidtz, Hallie Kate Eisenberg, Sam Neill, Oliver Platt, Stephen Root, Kiersten Warren, Robin Williams. Written by Nicholas Kazan from The Positronic Man (1992) by Isaac Asimov and Robert Silverberg, itself based on Asimov's "The Bicentennial Man" in Stellar #2 (anth 1976) edited by Judy-Lynn del Rey. 132 minutes. ...


An audiozine is a magazine that is provided in spoken or aural form. Until the arrival of the internet, where the podzine took on the role, such magazines were rare, particularly in the sf world. In fact the only one of note was The Centauri Express which was issued as a single ninety-minute audiocassette, featuring adaptations of both new and previously published stories performed by the Radio Theatre Company of Atlanta, Georgia. It had five releases between September 1987 and April 1990. In ...

Langford, David

(1953-    ) UK author, critic, editor, publisher and sf fan, in the latter capacity recipient of 21 Hugo awards for fan writing – some of the best of his several hundred pieces are assembled as Let's Hear It for the Deaf Man (coll 1992 chap US; much exp vt The Silence of the Langford 1996; exp 2015 ebook) as Dave Langford, edited by Ben Yalow – plus five Best Fanzine Hugos and one Semiprozine Hugo for his self-produced news magazine, Ansible (which see). His one ...

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