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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

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Jensen, Axel

(1932-2003) Norwegian author who began writing in 1955, his early novels addressing (and succumbing to) the allure of Transcendence; Ikaros: ung mann i Sahara (1957; trans Maurice Michael as Icarus: A Young Man in the Sahara 1959) in particular evokes the fantastic. His early sf, mostly in the form of scripts for untranslated Comics, is much more free-form, and was explicitly influenced by Alfred Jarry, about whom Jensen wrote extensively; the most significant example of this work is almost ...

Saramago, José

(1922-2010) Portuguese author who published as a very young man an unmemorable first novel, Terra do Pecado ["Land of Sin"] (1947), and some plays and essays over the next decades, as well as the nonfantastic Levantado do chão (1980; trans Margaret Jull Costa as Raised from the Ground 2012); but only became well-known with his third novel, Memorial do convento ["Memorial of the Convent"] (1982; trans Giovanni Pontiero as Baltasar and Blimunda 1987), a lyrical Fabulation set in an ...

Buis, Lela E

(?   -    ) US author who has also written as by L Crittenden and Lee Crittenden; she began to publish work of genre interest with "GP Venture" as by L Crittenden in Abortion Stories: Fiction on Fire (anth 1992) edited by Rick Lawler, assembling her short work in collections beginning with Desperate Lives (coll 2013), which was gathered together with other volumes as Moonshadows: A Collection of Short Stories (omni 2019). The protagonist of her first novel, ...

Space Cowboys

Film (2000). Malpaso Productions/Village Roadshow Pictures/Warner Brothers. Directed by Clint Eastwood. Written by Ken Kaufman and Howard Klausen. Cast includes John Asher, Eli Craig, James Cromwell, Loren Dean, William Devane, Clint Eastwood, James Garner, Marcia Gay Harden, Tommy Lee Jones, Matt McColm, Toby Stephens, Donald Sutherland and Billy Worley. 130 minutes. Colour with black and white opening sequence. / 1958. Shot in black and white (see Ruins and Futurity). Team Daedalus test ...

They Were Eleven

Japanese animated film (1986; original title Jūichinin Iru!; vt We Were Eleven). Magic Bus. Based on the Manga by Moto Hagio. Directed by Satoshi Dezaki and Tsuneo Tominaga. Written by Toshiaki Imaizumi and Kazumi Koide. Voice cast includes Akira Kamiya and Michiko Kawai. 91 minutes. Colour. / Over several centuries humanity has achieved Colonization of Other Worlds and met Alien civilizations. Though there were periods of war, a lasting peace was eventually established and, 120 years ...

Clute, John

(1940-    ) Canadian critic, editor and author, in the UK from 1969; married to Judith Clute from 1964, partner of Elizabeth Hand since 1996. His first professional publication was the long sf-tinged poem "Carcajou Lament" (Winter 1960 [ie Autumn 1959] Triquarterly), though he only began publishing sf reviews in 1964 and sf proper with "A Man Must Die" in New Worlds for November 1966, where much of his earlier criticism also appeared. This criticism, despite some studiously ...



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