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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 21 January 2022
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Hale, Benjamin

(1983-    ) US author whose first novel, The Evolution of Bruno Littlemore (2011), casually addresses issues of Evolution, though the first person narrator of the tale, an implausibly evolved chimpanzee (see Apes as Human), after describing his early years in a Zoo focuses primarily on the nature of language (see Linguistics) and interspecies Sex. [JC]

Bioshock

Videogame (2007). 2K Boston / 2K Australia. Designed by Ken Levine. Platforms: XB360, Win (2007); PS3 (2008); Mac (2009). / BioShock is a First Person Shooter, much influenced by System Shock 2 (1999) (see System Shock). The game begins with the player character, Jack, in the middle of the Atlantic in 1960, having survived an airplane crash. After swimming to a nearby island, the player can discover a bathysphere and descend to the secret underwater city of Rapture. This metropolis, an ...

Hemyng, Bracebridge

(1841-1901) UK barrister and author, born Heming, best known in the USA for the Jack Harkaway boys' stories from 1871, plus many other Dime Novels, not all securely attributed to him. His sf novel, The Commune in London, or Thirty Years Hence: A Chapter of Anticipated History (1871 chap), is an anti-Communard version of the 1871 uprising in Paris as translated into a UK already deeply anxious about threatened upheavals and Invasions (see Battle of Dorking). The fit between the Jules Verne ...

Raabe, H E

(1858-?   ) US ship captain and author, who in his former role as captain was advised by a crew member (Jack London) to take up writing; his Krakatoa, Hand of the Gods (1930), hints of the involvement of a Lost Race in the apocalyptic volcanic eruption of Krakatoa in 1888. Raabe had himself traded in the South Seas. [JC]

Doughty, Francis W

(1850-1917) US numismatist, scholar, screenwriter and author whose well written, ingenious and original dime novels (see Dime-Novel SF) have often been considered the finest examples of the category. His better stories present a succession of highly imaginative strokes, often with good historical backgrounds. The title figure in "The Man in the Black Cloak" (1886 The Boys of New York) as by P T Raymond – a man whose betrayal has turned him virtually into a living skeleton, and who in ...

Nicholls, Peter

(1939-2018) Australian editor and author, primarily a critic and historian of sf through his creation and editing of The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction [see below]; resident in the UK 1970-1988, in Australia from 1988; worked as an academic in English literature (1962-1968, 1971-1977), scripted television documentaries, was a Harkness Fellow in Film-making (1968-1970) in the USA, worked as a publisher's editor (1982-1983), often broadcast film and book reviews on BBC Radio from 1974 and ...



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