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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 17 January 2022
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Muller, Robert

(1925-1998) German author, playwright and screenwriter, in the UK from 1938. His sf novel is The Lost Diaries of Albert Smith (1965; vt After All, This Is England 1967), a Near Future Dystopia in which the consequences of a fascist takeover of Britain are examined. Also in the 1960s he adapted two stories by Isaac Asimov and one by Clifford D Simak for the BBC Television Anthology Series Out of the Unknown (1965-1971) and scripted a 1968 version of Mary Shelley's Frankenstein; Or, the Modern ...

Magnus, Leonard A

(1879-1924) UK linguist, author, translator and textual scholar who specialized in Russian literature; of sf interest is A Japanese Utopia (1905), whose Japanese protagonist finds, in a Lost World north of Japan, an advanced, benignly anarchic Utopia. According to his Times obituary he died after, while travelling through Russia collecting folktales and folklore for a forthcoming book, he was "attacked by a malignant germ". [JC/MA]

Close Encounters of the Third Kind

Film (1977). Columbia. Directed by Steven Spielberg. Script credited to Spielberg but early draft actually written by Paul Schrader (1946-    ), who disagreed with Spielberg over the treatment of his script and withdrew his name from the project. Cast includes Bob Balaban, Melinda Dillon, Richard Dreyfuss, Teri Garr, Cary Guffey and François Truffaut. 135 minutes. Colour. / After Star Wars (1977) came the second major sf film production of 1977, at over twice the ...

Whiteing, Richard

(1840-1928) UK journalist and author, active from the mid-1860s, for many years (dates not known) the partner of Alice Corkran; he also wrote as by Whyte Thorne. The first volume of the Island sequence, The Island; Or, an Adventure of a Person of Quality (1888; rev 1899) describes the discovery of a Utopia on a Pacific Island run on egalitarian principles by its inhabitants, who are of Tahitian descent. The second volume, No 5 John Street (1899), filmed as No 5 John Street (1921) directed by ...

Topping, Keith

(1963-    ) UK author, journalist and broadcaster whose fiction output of sf interest consists of ties to the Doctor Who universe, beginning with Doctor Who: The Devil Goblins from Neptune (1997) with Martin Day. His nonfiction, besides collaborations with Day and Paul Cornell, includes the Beyond the Gate: The Unofficial and Unauthorised Guide to Stargate SG-1 (2002) (see Stargate SG-1) and several other Television-related guides which are not listed below. [DRL]

Clute, John

(1940-    ) Canadian critic, editor and author, in the UK from 1969; married to Judith Clute from 1964, partner of Elizabeth Hand since 1996. His first professional publication was the long sf-tinged poem "Carcajou Lament" (Winter 1960 [ie Autumn 1959] Triquarterly), though he only began publishing sf reviews in 1964 and sf proper with "A Man Must Die" in New Worlds for November 1966, where much of his earlier criticism also appeared. This criticism, despite some studiously ...



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