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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 3 October 2022
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Banville, Théodore de

(1823-1891) French poet and author, a formalist and symbolist involved in various literary controversies over the course of his forty-year career. His penetration of the veils of reality may not have been lastingly profound, but the modestly transgressive thrust of the tales assembled as Contes Féeriques (coll 1882; trans Brian Stableford as Magical Tales 2021) demonstrates a use of Fantastika to grasp the unstable gist of a brittle culture. [JC]

Hunter, Norman

(1899-1995) UK professional conjuror and author for children and Young Adult readers first active before World War Two, his publishing career having begun with Simplified Conjuring for All (1923); during a sojourn in South Africa, from 1949 to 1970, he wrote nothing. He began publishing work of genre interest with a humorous fairy tale, "The Bad Barons of Crashbania" (in Number Nine Joy Street, anth 1931, ed Michael Lynn), and began his classic Children's SF series about the slightly screwloose ...

Fox, Gardner F

(1911-1986) US lawyer and author, who began writing in 1937 for DC Comics, including Superman. Arguably his most important work was for Comics: though it is claimed that he published at least 160 books under various names – not all are given here – this total pales beside his 4000 or more comic-book stories, also under a variety of names. He created The Flash as well as the first Superhero team, the Justice Society of America, in 1940; in the 1960s he was one of those responsible ...

Roberts, Keith

(1935-2000) UK author and illustrator long resident in the south of England, where most of his best fiction was set. After working as an illustrator and cartoon animator, he began publishing sf with "Anita" and "Escapism" in the same issue of Science Fantasy, September/October 1964; several of his early stories were written as by Alistair Bevan. He served as associate editor of Science Fantasy 1965-1966 and edited its successor SF Impulse for the whole of its run (March 1966-February 1967). His ...


Film (2009). Summit Entertainment in association with Icon Productions presents an Infinity Features Entertainment production. Directed by Paul McGuigan. Written by David Bourla. Cast includes Camilla Belle, Chris Evans, Dakota Fanning, Joel Gretsch and Djimon Hounsou. 111 minutes. Colour. / A motley group of fugitive psychics in Hong Kong devise an elaborate plan to bring down the US covert operations division which has been forcibly harnessing the mutants' Psi Powers. / This dense, ...

Clute, John

(1940-    ) Canadian critic, editor and author, in the UK from 1969; married to Judith Clute from 1964, partner of Elizabeth Hand since 1996. His first professional publication was the long sf-tinged poem "Carcajou Lament" (Winter 1960 [ie Autumn 1959] Triquarterly), though he only began publishing sf reviews in 1964 and sf proper with "A Man Must Die" in New Worlds for November 1966, where much of his earlier criticism also appeared. This criticism, despite some studiously ...

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