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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 27 June 2022
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Train, Oswald

(1915-1988) UK-born US fan (see Fandom) from 1935, when he became involved in the nascent Philadelphia Science Fiction Society, also attending the first (highly informal) Convention in 1936. A significant Small-Press publisher, he was the main figure behind Prime Press. In 1968 he founded Oswald Train: Publisher, which specialized in detective fiction, although it also released work by Lloyd Arthur Eshbach, A Merritt, P Schuyler Miller and Olaf Stapledon. [JC]

Binkley, Ric

(1921-1968) American artist. Little is known about this artist except that he began painting covers for books from Fantasy Press and Gnome Press in 1950, worked steadily for several years for those publishers and for Avalon Books, and then became inactive; he died at a relatively early age. Of the several Richard Binkleys found in genealogical databases, the one born in 1921 is almost certainly the artist since the records confirm a sister named Mary Betty Binkley (1917-2011) who is known to ...

Garfinkle, Richard

(1961-    ) US author whose first novel, Celestial Matters (1996), is an Alternate Cosmos tale in which the Ptolemaic universe is real: celestial bodies are positioned in crystalline spheres around Earth, which is the centre of the universe; travel to the planets is via sailing ship. His second novel, All of an Instant (1999), posits a "location" outside of Time and space called the Instant, a fulcrum from which the universe can be profoundly altered, generating a long ...

Bryan, R M

(?   -    ) US author of the Near Future Post-Holocaust Young Adult Arden House sequence, beginning with Arden House: Book 1: Flight (2013), during the course of which two young protagonists find an isolated Quaker enclave, which they turn into a well-defended Keep, gaining some chance of survival in a balkanized America. [JC]

Makin, William J

(1893-1944) UK journalist and author who was in active service during World War One, a prolific writer of magazine fiction beginning in the 1920s, his first work of genre interest being "The Black Laugh" in Strange Tales of Mystery and Terror for January 1932. At least one of his Jonathan Jow tales, the novel-length "The Monster of the Loch" (20 January-3 March 1934 Pearson's Weekly) with Leslie Arliss (1901-1987), is sf, and features a plesiosaur (see Loch Ness Monster); it is included in The ...

Clute, John

(1940-    ) Canadian critic, editor and author, in the UK from 1969; married to Judith Clute from 1964, partner of Elizabeth Hand since 1996. His first professional publication was the long sf-tinged poem "Carcajou Lament" (Winter 1960 [ie Autumn 1959] Triquarterly), though he only began publishing sf reviews in 1964 and sf proper with "A Man Must Die" in New Worlds for November 1966, where much of his earlier criticism also appeared. This criticism, despite some studiously ...

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