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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 20 June 2022
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Elze, Winifred

(?   -    ) US author of two novels which apply horror tonalities – though nothing like the fixation on the unveiling of the previously given typical of genuine horror – to sf material: in The Changeling (1995), what might be called an Ecological revolt against humanity rises amongst the flora of the planet; and in Here, Kitty, Kitty (1996), a suburban Polder [see The Encyclopedia of Fantasy under links below] is threatened when creatures from the ...

Car Wars

Board and counter Wargame (1981). Steve Jackson Games (SJG). Designed by Steve Jackson, Chad Irby. / Car Wars is a game of "autoduelling" – combat between armed and armoured cars, motorcycles and trucks. It is set in a fragmented future America, in which oil and food crises have caused the near collapse of civilization. The game's Future History exemplifies many of the social and ecological fears of the 1970s; in this world casual violence is common, and autoduelling is both a ...

Stearns, Theodore

(1881-1935) US composer, known only for his operas (see SF Music), of which Co-O-Za (performance not traced; 1922) is set partly in contemporary New York, where an opera is being rehearsed, and partly by virtue of Timeslip in Atlantis, where one contemporary actors reveals himself to be Co-O-Za, the last king of the doomed Island. [JC]

Christie, Michael

(?   -    ) Canadian professional skateboarder and author who began to publish work of genre interest with "The Stinking Creep" (July 1999 The Three-Lobed Burning Eye), set in a coercively sanitized Near Future Vancouver. His second novel Greenwood (2019) focuses on nonfantastic dramas of enforced migration of the original Greenwood family, whose latest member may have inherited Greenwood Island, home of the last stand of climax vegetation on the planet; these ...


An example of speculative Terminology, the term taken from Xenopus laevis, the African clawed frog; used initially to describe tiny self-healing Robots bred organically from (as an instance) frog stem cells, but used more widely in the third decade of the twenty-first century to describe any robot bred organically. In this encyclopedia, the term Android is usefully restricted to humanoid-shaped artificial beings. Androids are therefore xenobots, but the reverse is not true: xenobots need not be ...

Langford, David

(1953-    ) UK author, critic, editor, publisher and sf fan, in the latter capacity recipient of 21 Hugo awards for fan writing – some of the best of his several hundred pieces are assembled as Let's Hear It for the Deaf Man (coll 1992 chap US; much exp vt The Silence of the Langford 1996; exp 2015 ebook) as Dave Langford, edited by Ben Yalow – plus five Best Fanzine Hugos and one Semiprozine Hugo for his self-produced news magazine, Ansible (which see). His one ...

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