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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

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Stemp, Jane

(1961-    ) UK author of Waterbound (1995), a Young Adult Near Future Dystopia set in a world beset by Ecological degradation, where the healthy live in grimly regulated Keeps and those who are deemed unfit (see Eugenics) must somehow survive Underground. The young protagonist and her love interest explore the implications of this. This novel precedes the great twenty-first century wave of tales that may be similarly described. [JC]

Inoue Hisashi

(1934-2010) Japanese playwright and author with an oddly wide-ranging resumé that touched, briefly and powerfully, on the sf genre. Sent to a Catholic boarding school after his father's death, Inoue was baptised as a Christian and switched majors at Sophia University from German to French. / Already writing and producing his own plays at the time of his graduation, he paid the bills with scripts, beginning with the Radio play X-Man (1960 NHK). His daily children's television show ...

Guirdham, Arthur

(1905-1992) UK physician, psychiatrist and author, usually on topics related to his professional work, though also some speculative works on the occult and the Cathar religion; of sf interest is The Lights Were Going Out (1944), in which a Dystopia succeeds a premature peace that ends World War Two (see Hitler Wins). [JC]

Doughty, Charles M

(1843-1926) UK explorer and author whose Travels in Arabia Deserta (1888) profoundly influenced T E Lawrence (1888-1935), among others. The increasingly difficult, archaic language of Doughty's later work, a series of book-length poems, as well as the austerity of their arguments, has kept them from as wide acclaim as his great work on Arabia, which was not only hypnotically written, but also deeply reliable as an anthropological and geographical dissection of a virtually unknown land. His ...

Sterling, George

(1869-1926) US poet and author whose reputation peaked during the first decade of the twentieth century, partly due to the fervent advocacy of Ambrose Bierce and Jack London; he is now almost entirely forgotten. The title poem of The Testimony of the Suns and Other Poems (coll 1903) is an extended essay in Cosmology whose relegation of Homo sapiens to utter insignificance conveys sensations akin to Horror in SF. Other similar texts include "A Wine of Wizardry" (September 1907 Cosmopolitan), ...

Clute, John

(1940-    ) Canadian critic, editor and author, in the UK from 1969; married to Judith Clute from 1964, partner of Elizabeth Hand since 1996. His first professional publication was the long sf-tinged poem "Carcajou Lament" (Winter 1960 [ie Autumn 1959] Triquarterly), though he only began publishing sf reviews in 1964 and sf proper with "A Man Must Die" in New Worlds for November 1966, where much of his earlier criticism also appeared. This criticism, despite some studiously ...

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