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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 27 June 2022
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Top o Nerae

["Aim for the Top"]. Animated video series (1988 Japan; vt Gunbuster, 1990 US). Gainax, Bandai Emotion. Directed by Hideaki Anno. Written by Hideaki Anno and Toshio Okada. Cast includes Noriko Hidaka, Maria Kawamura, Rei Sakuma and Norio Wakamoto. 180 minutes (6 x 30 minutes). Five episodes colour, last episode mainly black and white. / A Future War Anime in which the teenage Noriko (Hidaka) volunteers as a Mecha pilot in Earth's military after her Starship captain father is killed in a ...

Yamamoto Hiroshi

(1956-    ) Japanese author whose influence extends not only through his own published works, but also through his connections, known, unknown and suspected, with several lobbies and factions within Japanese Fandom, including the game designers Group SNE and the Togakkai collaborative book mill, the latter largely devoted to nonfiction works celebrating and debunking Pseudoscience and the occult, not included in the Checklist below. / Active in science fiction Fanzines ...

Pines, Ned L

(1905-1990) US magazine and book publisher who in 1931 founded a group of magazines with Thrilling in the title: Thrilling Detective, Thrilling Love, etc. These became part of the Pines Publications group (which Pines served as president 1929-1961), whose associated companies included Standard Magazines, Beacon Magazines and Better Publications. In 1936 Pines bought Gernsback's Wonder Stories and retitled it Thrilling Wonder Stories to fit neatly among his other magazines. Among Pines's senior ...

Cronin, Michael

(1942-    ) UK actor, screenwriter, and author; he should not be confused with Michael Cronin, a pseudonym of Brendan Leo Cronin (1907-1987). Cronin's Young Adult sequence, Against the Day – comprising Against the Day (1998), Through the Night (2003) and In the Morning (2005) – is set in a 1940s Britain governed by the Nazis (see Hitler Wins), and follow the adventures of its young protagonist as he becomes deeply involved in the resistance movement. [JC]

Boye, Karin

(1900-1941) Swedish poet and author, whose first-hand experience of the fall of Weimar Germany during 1932-1934 directly influenced the work for which she is best-known by English-language readers, the Dystopia Kallocain (1940; trans Gustav Lannestock 1966), one of the several great dystopias set in a dreaded Near Future to have appeared in the decades-long aftermath of World War One. George Orwell, whose novel adds World War Two to the mix, almost certainly did not encounter the text, which ...

Clute, John

(1940-    ) Canadian critic, editor and author, in the UK from 1969; married to Judith Clute from 1964, partner of Elizabeth Hand since 1996. His first professional publication was the long sf-tinged poem "Carcajou Lament" (Winter 1960 [ie Autumn 1959] Triquarterly), though he only began publishing sf reviews in 1964 and sf proper with "A Man Must Die" in New Worlds for November 1966, where much of his earlier criticism also appeared. This criticism, despite some studiously ...

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