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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 27 June 2022
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Holford, Castello N

(1845-1905) US author of Aristopia: A Romance-History of the New World (1895), an Alternate History, a very early example of the form in English: the first white settlers in Virginia, having discovered an enormous deposit of gold, use their wealth to ensure the success of their colony, which they turn into a Utopia destined to take over America in the twentieth century. [JC]

It Happened Here

Film (1966). Rath/Lopert. Directed by Kevin Brownlow, Andrew Mollo. Written by Brownlow, Mollo. Cast includes Honor Fehrson, Fiona Leland, Pauline Murray and Sebastian Shaw. 99 minutes, cut to 93 minutes. Black and white. / Alternate-History stories are rare in sf cinema. This UK film is an exception; it shows what might have happened had Nazi Germany successfully invaded the UK (see Hitler Wins). Shot in a realistic, documentary-like style, it is a remarkable achievement when one takes ...

Groves, Jay

(1922-2010) US teacher of history and economics, and author whose short sf novel – featuring the landing of a flying saucer (see UFOs) – is Fireball at the Lake: A Story of Encounter with Another World (1967). [JC]

Brown, Charles R

(?   -?   ) UK author of at least two sf tales; others may not have been identified. / In the anonymous A Man from the Moon (1870 chap), a mountain climber, resting at the summit of Mount Aconcagua in the Andes, encounters a man from the Moon who tells him that humanity is part but not necessarily the peak of Evolution, and who decries the feeble arguments of human Religions against this fact. When the climber asks him "Are we like the beasts that perish ...

MacDonald, Robert MacLaughlan

(1874-1942) Scots author and prospector who spent some years looking for gold in Australia and New Guinea and has been wrongly identified as Australian. His Lost Race novels include The Moon God's Secret: A Tale of the Tropical Pacific (1905), in which white explorers encounter decayed relics of an advanced ancient race (see Devolution); The Gold-Seekers: A Tale of Adventure: A Gold-Extracting Motor and the Sahara Desert (1910), in which an Invention helps a young lad gain riches in the Sahara ...

Robinson, Roger

(1943-    ) UK computer programmer, bibliographer and publisher, active in UK Fandom for many years. The Writings of Henry Kenneth Bulmer (1983 chap; rev 1984 chap) is an exhaustive Bibliography of one of the most prolific sf writers, and Who's Hugh?: An SF Reader's Guide to Pseudonyms (1987) is similarly exhaustive in its listing of Pseudonyms. Criticized at first for its failure to annotate its findings – so that, for instance, pseudonyms used for sf could not be ...

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