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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 17 August 2022
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To trace an Italian sf tradition is not easy, because of the well-established split in Italy between scientific language and "literary culture". It is of some relevance to read Dante Alighieri's great poem La divina commedia (circa 1304-1320 in manuscript; first printed edition 1472; trans Henry Cary as The Divine Comedy 1814) as a sort of sf journey; Dante used his theological allegory to create a world that in terms of medieval consciousness was perfectly real. But it may be more fruitful to ...

Matiushin, Mikhail

(1861-1934) Russian Futurist artist and composer. The music he composed for the avant-garde opera Pobieda iad sopitsem ["Victory over the Sun"] (1921) has mostly been lost, although both the libretto (by Aleksei Kruchenykh, 1886-1968, in the invented language "Zaum") and accounts of the original performances remain. The narrative of the opera concerns a group of astronauts who wage war upon the Sun, destroying and burying it in order to release a new, open-ended reality. The last image on stage ...

Kidd, Virginia

(1921-2003) US literary agent, editor and author, married to James Blish 1947-1963, who began to publish professionally in the early 1950s, publishing at least one story, "On the Wall of the Lodge" (June 1962 Galaxy) as Virginia Blish with James Blish; her first solo sf story, "Kangaroo Court", did not appear until much later, in Orbit 1 (anth 1966) edited by Damon Knight. Among other work, she edited three strong Original Anthologies: Millennial Women (anth 1978; vt The Eye of the Heron, and ...

Ruben, William S

(?   -    ) US author known mainly for Weightless in Gaza (1970 as Fred Shannon; exp vt Dionysus: The Ultimate Experiment 1977), in which NASA conducts Sex experiments in space. Escape from the Holocaust (1975) is nonfiction dealing with the Final Solution. [JC]


Japanese animated tv series (2003). Madhouse. Directed by Hiroshi Hamasaki. Written by Chiaki J. Konaka. Voice cast includes Satoshi Haga, Takashi Inoue, Shizuka Itou, Shizumi Niki, Kaijiro Tanaka and Hiroshi Tsuchinada. 22 25-minute episodes. Colour. / The Underground City of Lux is controlled by various gangs, several of which are united under the Oruganu, led by Keigo Onishi (Tsuchinada) who is trying to prevent Lux collapsing into anarchy. Claiming to hear the "voice of the city", ...

Langford, David

(1953-    ) UK author, critic, editor, publisher and sf fan, in the latter capacity recipient of 21 Hugo awards for fan writing – some of the best of his several hundred pieces are assembled as Let's Hear It for the Deaf Man (coll 1992 chap US; much exp vt The Silence of the Langford 1996; exp 2015 ebook) as Dave Langford, edited by Ben Yalow – plus five Best Fanzine Hugos and one Semiprozine Hugo for his self-produced news magazine, Ansible (which see). His one ...

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