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Welcome to the Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Fourth Edition. Some sample entries appear below. Click here for the Introduction; here for the masthead; here for Acknowledgments; here for the FAQ; here for advice on citations. Find entries via the search box above (more details here) or browse the menu categories in the grey bar at the top of this page.

Site updated on 21 January 2022
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Han Song

(1965-    ) Chinese author and journalist, a multiple recipient of the Yinhe Award and considered one of the leading figures of the genre in China. Han Song spent the period 1984-1991 at Wuhan University, studying English and journalism, and eventually graduating with a Master of Laws. He subsequently became an editor and contributor to the government-owned journal Liaowang Dongfang Zhoukan ["Oriental Outlook Weekly"], for which he often writes on cultural and social ...

Edison, Thomas Alva

(1847-1931) US inventor, entrepreneur and author, credited with numerous Inventions – including the light bulb, the phonograph and significant contributions to the development of the motion picture – for which he received more than 1093 patents. It has been argued that Edison's working practice was to supervise the original work of others, taking corporate credit for them in his own name (a practice which, under various descriptions, remains common in scientific research); there is ...

Quick, Jonathan

Pseudonym (playing on Jonathan Swift) of UK authors Cecil Eldred Hughes (1875-1941) and Harold Begbie, who see for details. [JC]


A frequent shorthand in sf/fantasy Terminology for tales whose outcome is controlled, and whose characters are usually weighed in the balance, by a god-like figure. The term was coined by John Fowles to describe the scenario of The Magus (1965; rev 1977), whose working title was in fact «The Godgame». His magus-figure Conchis ensnares the young narrator in a maze of delusive scenes that challenge Perception; a kind of manipulated Pocket Universe which can be escaped only when ...


US amateur Online Magazine produced and edited by Jason Snell (1970-    ). It ran for 57 issues from March 1991 to December 2004, maintaining a bimonthly schedule for 49 of those issues up to Fall 1999. Although InterText was not dedicated wholly to science fiction, the majority of its contents was Speculative Fiction and Fantasy: it was one of the earliest such online magazines, following FSFnet and Quanta. Snell himself acknowledged the precedence of Quanta and Athene, the ...

Nicholls, Peter

(1939-2018) Australian editor and author, primarily a critic and historian of sf through his creation and editing of The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction [see below]; resident in the UK 1970-1988, in Australia from 1988; worked as an academic in English literature (1962-1968, 1971-1977), scripted television documentaries, was a Harkness Fellow in Film-making (1968-1970) in the USA, worked as a publisher's editor (1982-1983), often broadcast film and book reviews on BBC Radio from 1974 and ...

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